Soil Fertility Levels in Bangladesh for Rice Cultivation

Main Article Content

Jatish C. Biswas
N. Kalra
M. Maniruzzaman
M. M. Haque
U. A. Naher
M. H. Ali
W. Kabir
S. Rahnamayan

Abstract

Determination of soil fertility with minimum data set for crop zoning and devising fertilizer recommendations as well as soil fertility evaluation method based on soil properties. The data were collected from existing literatures and scoring was done on 0–100 scale. The lowest score was assigned for the minimum value of tested attributes and then gradually higher scoring values. Arithmetic, weighted, geometric and most minimum of mean scores were calculated and their performances were compared with grain yield of dry season irrigated (Boro) rice. Soil fertility in 10-12 and 39-52% areas in Bangladesh are very low and low, respectively. Medium fertile and fertile soils are distributed in 17-41% and in about 8% areas of the country. About 55% soils scored 70–95 (medium to high SOC) and the rest belongs to inferior quality. In some areas P build up has taken place (25% areas), but widespread K mining. Sulphur and Zn status in about 40% areas are low to very low (scored <35 and <40). Soils of the major areas of the country are with low pH (5.0-6.0) and CEC in the range of 15-25 cmolc kg-1. Weighted mean score and most minimum of eight attributes score showed good relationships with dry season irrigated rice yields than other tested methods indicating that this technique can be used for soil fertility rating in tropical countries.

Keywords:
Soil attributes, score, weighted mean, most minimum mean, maps.

Article Details

How to Cite
Biswas, J. C., Kalra, N., Maniruzzaman, M., Haque, M. M., Naher, U., Ali, M. H., Kabir, W., & Rahnamayan, S. (2019). Soil Fertility Levels in Bangladesh for Rice Cultivation. Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 4(4), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajsspn/2019/v4i430051
Section
Original Research Article

References

MacCarthy DS, Agyare WA, Vlek PLG, Adiku SGK. Spatial variability of some soil chemical and physical properties on agricultural ladscape. West Afr. J. Appl. Ecol. 2013;21:47-61.

Biswas JC, Maniruzzaman M, Sattar MA, Neogi MG. Improvement of rice yield through fertilizer and cultural management at farmer's field. Bangladesh Rice J. 2008; 13:9-14.

Saha PK, Islam S, Islam MN, Biswas JC, Haque MM. Soil plant nutrient status under intensive rice-farming systems in unfavourable eco-system of Bangladesh. Intl. J. Biol. Pharma. Sci. 2016;2:1-11.

Yang Y, Zhang S. Approach of developing spatial distribution maps of soil nutrients. In L. Daoliang (ed.) Proc IFIPTC on Computer and Computing Tech. Agric. 2008;1:565-571.

Dafonte JD, Ulloa GM, Jorge P, Glécio S, Vázquez M, Vidal E. Mapping of soil micronutrients in an European Atlantic agricultural landscape using ordinary kriging and indicator approach. Bragantia 2010;69:175-186.

Behera SK, Shukla AK. Spatial distribution of surface soil acidity, electrical conductivity, soil organic carbon content and exchangeable potassium, calcium and magnesium in some cropped acid soils of India. Land Degrad. Dev. 2015;26:71-79.

Desavathu RN, Nadipena AR, Peddada JR. Assessment of soil fertility status in Paderu Mandal, Vaisakhapatnam district of Sndra Pradesh through Geopspatial techniques. The Egyptian J. Remote Sensing Space Sci. 2018;21:73-81.

Markoski M, Arsov S, Mitkova T, Stamenkovska J. The benefit of GIS technologies and precision agriculture principles in soil nutrient management for agricultural crop production. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci. 2015;21:554-559.

Rahman AMAE, Natarajan A, Hedge R. Assessment of land suitability and capability by integrating remote sensing and GIS for agriculture in Chamarajanagar district, Karnataka, India. Egypt. J. Remote Sensing Space Sci. 2016;19:125-141.

Khalid R, Mahmood T, Bibi R, Siddique MT, Alvi S, Naz SY. Distribution and indexation of plant available nutrients of rainfed calcareous soils of Pakistan. Soil Environ. 2012;31:146-151.

Salehi N, Sepanlow MG, Gorzin BJ. An evaluation of soil fertility using soil organic carbon, potassium, phosphorus and salinity factors for rice cultivation by fuzzy logic and AHP technique. Int. J. Agri. Crop Sci. 2013;5:2233-2241.

Moran EF, Brondizio ES, Tucker JM, da Silva Forsberg MC, McCracken S, Falesi I. Effects of soil fertility and land use on forest succession in Amazonia. For. Ecol. Manag. 2010;139:93-108.

Panwar P, Pal S, Reza SK, Shama B. Soil fertility index, soil evaluation factor, and microbial indices under different land uses in acidic soil of humid subtropical India. Commun. Soil Sci. Plan Anal. 2011;42: 2724-2737.

Mbogoni JDJ, Kiwambo BJ, Urassa GJ, Assenga SV. Soil fertility appraisal for enhancing productivity in rice-based system of Ruvu basin, Agricultural Research Institute Mlingano, Tanga, Tanzania; 2011.

Khaki BD, Honarjoo N, Davatgar N, Jalalian A, Golselfidi HT. Assessment of two soil fertility indexes to evaluate paddy fields for rice cultivation. Sustainability 2017;9:1299b

DOI: 10.3390/su9081299

Siddique MMNEA, Halim MA, Kararuzzaman M, Karim D, Sultana J. Comparative insights for investigation of soil fertility degradation in a piedmont area which cover the Anjamkhor union of Baliadangi Upazila, Thakurgaon, Bangladesh. IOSR J. Environ. Sci. Toxico Food Tech. 2014;8:82-87.

Zahid AM, Hossain MB, Halim MA, Hossain MA, Shahreen F. Organic matter and plant nutrient depletion in major soil series in the high Ganges river floodplain. Intl. J. Sustain. Agric. Tech. 2011;7:30-37.

Saleque MA, Abedin MJ, Bhuiyan NI, Zaman SK, Panaullah GM. Long-term effects of inorganic and organic fertilizer sources on yield and nutrient accumulation of lowland rice. Field Crop Res. 2004;86: 53-65.

Haque MM, Akter M, Biswas JC. Performance of vermicompost and poultry manure on rice yield and soil health. Annual Research Review Workshop 2016-17. Soil Science Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur. 2017;75.

Karlen DL, Andrews SS, Wienhold BJ, Zobeck TM. Soil quality assessment: Past, present and future. J. Integrated Biosci. 2008;6:3-14.

FRG (Fertilizer Recommendation Guide). Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Farmgate Dhaka, 1215. In Press; 2018.

Shil NC, Saleque MA, Islam M R, Jahiruddin M. Soil fertility status of some of the intensive crop growing areas under major agro-ecological zones of Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Agril. Res. 2016;41:735-757.

Tan ZX, Lal R, Wiebe KD. Global soil nutrient depletion and yield reduction. J. Sustainable Agric. 2005;26:123-146.

Rahman MH, Islam MR, Jahiruddin M, Rafii MY, Ismail MR, Malek MA. Fertilization for increased crop production and nutrient balance in the maize-legume-rice cropping pattern. J. Food Agric. Environ. 2013;11:653-656.

Biswas JC, Haque MM, Akter M, Hossain ATMS, Khan FH, Baki MZI, Sarker ABS, Islam MR. Element Composition of the Atmospheric Depositions in Bangladesh. J. Environ. Protec. 2018;9:948–956.

Biswas JC, Haque MM, Saha PK. Rice yield potential under unfavorable soil ecosystems in Bangladesh. Asian J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 2017;1:1-10.

Jahiruddin M, Satter MA. Land and soil resource management report, in: Research Priority in Agriculture and Development Vision Document-2030 and Beyond; 2010.

CU (Cornell University). How dose soil pH affect fertilizers and fertility. Cornell University Cooperative Extension of Suffolk County. Extension Education Center, 423 Griffing Avenue, NY.

Available:https://s3.amazonaws.com/assets.cce.cornell.edu/ attachments/ 3271/ow_does_soil_pH_affect_fertilizers_and_fertility.pdf?1413386058

(Access on 6-2-2019)

IPNI (International Plant Nutrition Institute). Soil pH and the availability of plant nutrients. IPNI, Georgia 30092-2806 USA; 2010.

Available:www.ipni.net

CU (Cornell University). Cation exchange capacity (CEC). Agronomy fact sheet series, Fact sheet number 22. Cornell University Cooperative Extension, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences; 2007.

Available:http://nmsp.css.cornell.edu

Noble AD, Gillman GP, Ruaysoongnern S. A cation exchange index for assessing degradation of acid soil by further acidification under permanent agriculture in the tropics. European J. Soil Sci. 2007;51: 233-243.

Vasu D, Singh SK, Ray SK, Duraisami VP, Tiwary P, Chandran P, Nimkar AM, Anantwar SG. Soil quality index (SQI) as a tool as a tool to evaluate crop productivity in semi-arid Deccan plateau, India. Geoderma. 2016;282:70-79.

Rijmpa J, Jahiruddin M. Final; Report on national strategy and p[lan for use of soil nutrient balance in Bangladesh. SFFP Consultancy Report, DAE, Khamarbari, Dhaka; 2004.

Hossain M, Bayes A Islam SMF. A Diagnostic Study on Bangladesh Agriculture. RED Working Paper Series, BRAC; 2017.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). Status and trends in land and water resources. Pages 19-60 in The State of the World’s land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture: Managing Systems At Risk. FAO, UN and Earthscan; 2011.

Ali MM, Shaheed SM, Kubota D, Masunaga T, Wakatsuki T. Soil degradation during the period 1967 – 1997 in Bangladesh. II. Selected chemical characters. Soil Sci. Plant Nut. 1997;43: 879-890.