Effect of Different Sources and Levels of Nitrogen Fertilizers with and without Organic and Bio-fertilizers on Growth and Yield Components of Fennel Plants (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.)

Main Article Content

Ibrahim A. Youssef
Mohamed E. Ali
Esmat H. A. Noufal
Safwat A. Ismail
Maha M. E. Ali

Abstract

Two field experiments were conducted in a newly reclaimed land at a private farm in Village No 8,  El-Minia Governorate, Egypt during two successive seasons (2017/2018) to evaluate the effect of integrated nitrogen fertilizer sources with organic and bio-fertilization on growth and yield components of the fennel plant. The experiment was arranged in a split- split-plot design. The organic treatments (0.0 and 5.0 t compost t/fed.) were arranged in main plots, nitrogen treatments (0.0, 10.0, 50.0 and 80.0 kg N/fed.) as urea or ammonium sulphate were allocated in subplots and bio-fertilizer treatments (without and with) were applied in sub-sub plots. The main effects of compost, nitrogen fertilization and bio-fertilizer showed that the maximum values of plant height, dry weight/plant, number of branches/plant, number of mumble/plant, number of umbellule's/umble and 1000-fruits  weight were attained under 5 t/fed compost,  80 kg N/fed as ammonium sulphate with bio-fertilizer. The results of the interaction among treatments indicated that combined 5.0 t compost /fed with 50 kg N/fed as ammonium sulphate and using bio-fertilizer exhibited the highest values of growth and yield components of fennel. Meanwhile, we can save about 30 kg N/fed by treated fennel plants with organic and bio-fertilizers without any reduction in vegetative growth.

Keywords:
Compost, mineral fertilizer, bio-fertilizer, growth and yield components

Article Details

How to Cite
Youssef, I. A., Ali, M. E., Noufal, E. H. A., Ismail, S. A., & Ali, M. M. E. (2020). Effect of Different Sources and Levels of Nitrogen Fertilizers with and without Organic and Bio-fertilizers on Growth and Yield Components of Fennel Plants (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.). Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 6(1), 6-14. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajsspn/2020/v6i130077
Section
Original Research Article

References

Mozelli H, Bonan E, Pagni AM, Tomei PE. School of specialization science and technology of medicinal plants pharmacy. Univ. Piso food and Agric. Organ of United Nations, Roma. 1983;61-63.

Abdallah N, El-Cengaihi S, Sedrck E.The effect of fertilizer treatments on yield of seed Nolatile of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill ). Pharmazie. 1987; 33 (9): 607-608.

Lucinewton S, Raul N, Carvalho J, Mirian B, Lin C, Angela A. Supercritical fluid extraction from fennel (Foeniculum valgare mill) global yield, composition and kinetic data. J. Supercritical Fluids. 2005;35:212-219.

Cook RL, Ethis BG. Soil Management: A: World View of Coiisenatics and Production. Wiley, New York. 1987;152-170.

Zhelijazkov VD, Warman PR. Source-separated municipal solids waste compost application to Swiss chard and basil. J Environ. Qual. 2004;33:542-552.

Jamal J, Ozra H. Humic acid and manure tea affected reproductive stage and fruit quality factors of pepino in organic production system, proceedings, of the 4th ISOF SAR Scientific Conf. (Building Organic Bridges) at the Organic World Congress. Istanbul, Turkey, (eprint ID 23677); 2014.

Loredaua L, Catello P, Donatella A, Ginseppe C, Mazzimo L, Marise M. Compost and compost tea management of mini watermelon cultivars affects the chemical, physical and sensory. Assessment of the Fruits. Agri. Sci. 2015, 6:117-125.

Ayyat AMM. Response of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill) plants to mineral, organic and bio-fertilization, as well as royal jelly treatments. Ph.D. Thesis, Fac., of Agric., Minia Univ. Egypt; 2017.

Zhang HC, Duan XX, Liao H. Fertilizer Application Manual Chine Agriculture, Press (in Chinese), Chine. 2010;1-4.

Ghaffari AA, Ali A, Tahir M, Waseem M, Ayub M. Influence of integrated nutrients on growth yield and quality of maize (Zea mays L). Amer. J. Plant Sci. 2011;63-64.

Tisdale SL, Nelson WL. Soil fertility and fertilizer. The Macmillan Company, New York; 1975.

Azzaz NA, Hassan EA, Hammad EH. The chemical constituent and vegetative and yield characteristics of fennel plants treated with organic and bio-fertilizer instead of mineral fertilizer. Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 2009;3(7):529-587.

13. Azizi K. Bio-fertilizers and drought stress effects on yield components of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill) . J. Med. Plants. 2017;1:17-35.

Dodkhah L. Effect of chemical and bio-fertilizers on yield, growth parameters and essential oil contents of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Miller). J. Med. Plants By-product. 2012;2:101-105.

Pariari A, Mukherjee A, Das S. Growth and yieldof fennel (Foeniculum vulgarem mill. ) as influenced by integrated nitrogen management and spacing. J. Crop Weed. 2015;11(2):90-93.

A.O.A.C. Association of Official Agricultural Chemists. Official Methods of Analysis. A.O.A.C. Benjamin Fraklin station. Washington, D.C. M.S.A. 1985;440-512.

Snedecor GW, Cochran WG. Statistical Methods. 7th ed., Amers, Iowa State Univ. Press, Iowa, USA; 1980.

Taiwo LB, Adediran JA, Ashaye OA, Odofin O, Oyadoyin AJ. Organic okrna (Abolmoschus esculentus): its growth yield and organoleptic properties. Nutr. Food Sci. 2002;32(415):180-183.

Mahmoud AWM, El-Attar AB, Shehata SA. Boosting fennel plant yield and components using combination of manure, compost and bio-fertilizers. Arab. J. Med. and Aromat. Plant. 2016;2(1):37- 50.

Ismail SA, Monsy MA, Omnan AA, Foaad MM. The productivity, of some hybirds (Zea mays L.) grown in an alluvial soil under different nitrogen sources and levels. The 2nd conf. of farm integrated pest management. Faculty of Agri., Fayoum Univ. Egypt. 2006;16-18.

Badran FS, Abdalla NM, Aly MK, Ibrahim SM. Response of fennel plants to seeding rate and partial replacement of mineral NPK by bio-fertilization treatments. Pro. of the 8th African Crop Sci. Conf., El-Minia, Egypt. 2007;8(1):417-422.

Khattab MF, Helmy LM. Productivity and yield quality of fennel plants as affected by foliar application with some amino acids. J. Agri. Sci. Mansoura Univ. 2003;28(5): 3893-3909.

Hedge DM, Dwived BS, Sudha Kara BSS. Bio-fertilizers for cereal production in Indian A review. Indian J. Agri. Res. 1999; 64(2):73- 83.

Hawaka FIA. Effect of using single and composite inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense, Bacillus megtherium var. Phosphaticum and Glomus macrocarpus for improving growth of Zea mays. J. Agri. Sci. Mansoura Univ. 2000;25(1): 239-252.

Ahmed MA, Ahmed GAA, Mohamed MH, Tawfik MM. Integrated effect of organic and bio-fertilizers on wheat productivity in new reclaimed sandy soil. J. Agri. Biol. Sci. 2011;7(1):105-114.

Riveno C, Chnenje T, Ma LQ, Martinez G. Influence of compost on soil organic matter quality under tropical conditions. Geoderma. 2004;123:355-381.

Aly MS, Esawy MA. Evaluation of spirulinaplatensis as bio-stimulator for organic farming systems, J. Gen. Eng. Biotechnol. 2008;6(3):1-7.

Abd El-Aleem W, Henday SF, Hamed ES, Toaima WIM. Effect of planting dates, organic fertilization and foliar spray of algae extract on productivity of Dutch fennel plant under Sinai conditions. J. Med. Plants Stud. 2017;5(3):377-334.

Munir L. Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus application on growth, yield and profitability of fennel. M. Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Agron., Univ. of Agri., Faisalabad, Pakistan; 2005.

Ayub M, Naeem M, Nadeen MA, Tanveer A, Tahir M, Alan R. Effect of nitrogen application on growth, yield and oil contents of fennel (Foenocwlum vulgare M.) J. Med. Plants Res. 2011;5:2274-2277.

Ali E, Jamshid R, Hossein Z. Effect of nitrogen rates on yield and quality of fennel (Foenicralur vulgare Mill) accessions. Indust. Crop. Prod. 2012;35(1):121-125.

Singh SP. Response of bio-fertilizer Azospirillum on growth and yield of fennel cv. Rajendrasaurabh. The Asian J. Hortic. 2012;7(2):561-564.

Tanious CT. Effect of some organic and bio-fertilization treatment on fennel plants. M.Sc. Thesis, Fac., of Agric. Minia Univ., Egypt; 2008.