Mapping Coffee Tree Fertilizer Requirements in Côte d’Ivoire

Eboa Christophe Ghislain Eponon *

Laboratoire de Biotechnologie, Agriculture et Valorisation des Ressources Biologiques, UFR Biosciences, Félix Houphouët-Boigny, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d'Ivoire.

Konan Didier Kouamé

Laboratoire de Biotechnologie, Agriculture et Valorisation des Ressources Biologiques, UFR Biosciences, Félix Houphouët-Boigny, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d'Ivoire.

Didier Snoeck

UR Systèmes des Pérennes, TA B-34/2, Avenue Agropolis, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France.

Zoumana Konaté

Université Jean Lorougnon Guédé, UFR Agroforesterie, 12 BP V 25 Daloa 12, Côte d'Ivoire.

Maméri Camara

CNRA, Centre National de Recherche Agronomique, 01 BP 808, Abidjan 01, Côte d'Ivoire.

Mamadou Cherif

Laboratoire de Biotechnologie, Agriculture et Valorisation des Ressources Biologiques, UFR Biosciences, Félix Houphouët-Boigny, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d'Ivoire.

Daouda Kone

Laboratoire de Biotechnologie, Agriculture et Valorisation des Ressources Biologiques, UFR Biosciences, Félix Houphouët-Boigny, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d'Ivoire.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Coffee production in Côte d'Ivoire has been declining sharply for more than twenty years due to degradation in soil fertility status. The objective of this study was to map the mineral requirements of coffee trees in different production regions and to recommend immediate and long-term intervention strategies for soil management. In this study, the diagnosis of the chemical needs of 156 soil samples from major coffee production areas was used. We used a soil diagnostic model specific to coffee fertilization combined with geographic information systems (GIS). The combination of fertilizer formulas from the coffee soil diagnostic model, recent climatic data and soil units of the coffee growing areas allowed the elaboration of a thematic map showing a total of five basic formulas (N-P2O5-K2O-CaO-MgO) adapted to the real nutritional needs of coffee trees according to their agropedoclimatic environments. Two of these formulas cover 90% of the area studied. This study will enable appropriate soil management for the sustainable productivity of coffee trees in Côte d'Ivoire.

Keywords: Coffea canephora, fertilization, GIS, mapping, nutritional needs, sustinable productivity


How to Cite

Eponon , E. C. G., Kouamé , K. D., Snoeck , D., Konaté , Z., Camara , M., Cherif , M., & Kone , D. (2023). Mapping Coffee Tree Fertilizer Requirements in Côte d’Ivoire. Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 9(1), 34–44. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajsspn/2023/v9i1170

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