Effect of the Magnetic Treatment of Urea and Groundnut Seeds before Sowing on Its Yield and Quality under Sandy Soil Conditions

Alaa Eldeen A. Shaheen *

Soils, Water and Environment Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, 9 Cairo University St., Giza, Egypt.

Mohamed I. Mohaseb

Soils, Water and Environment Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, 9 Cairo University St., Giza, Egypt.

Marwa A. Ahmed

Soils, Water and Environment Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, 9 Cairo University St., Giza, Egypt.

Khaled A. H. Shaban

Soils, Water and Environment Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, 9 Cairo University St., Giza, Egypt.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aims: It is to study the effect of the magnetic treatment (MT) for 30 min of urea as nitrogen (N) fertilizer as well as the groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seeds before sowing on the crop yield and quality under sandy soil conditions.  This is to increase the crop productivity in the reclaimed sandy soils.

Study Design: A Randomized Complete Block Design with three replicates.

Place and Duration of Study: A field study have been carried out during the summer seasons of 2020 and 2021.

Methodology: The control has received the recommended dose RD of the urea fertilizer while other treatments received the rates 50%, 75%, and 100% of the RD as magnetized urea applied to the surface soil. The groundnut grains were exposed to a magnetic field (MF) 1.4 T intensity before sowing. Representative samples from soil and plant were taken after harvesting.

Results: At the 30-min time and 100% N-fertilization, the yield (kg ha-1) has increased relatively by 13.3% for pods and by 16.8% for the seeds. It has increased the chlorophyll a, b and the total chlorophyll (mg g-1 f.w) by 29.4%, 37%, and 32.2%, respectively. It has increased the soil available N by 33.7%, the P by 13.2%, and Mn by 11.8%. It also increased the K by 4.1%, Fe by 5.1%, and Zn by 9.7%. The nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and the agronomic efficiency (AE) were 5.76 and 2.75, respectively, being the highest value for the 100% rate compared to the 50% and 75% rates.

Conclusion: Magnetic treatment (MT) of urea as a nitrogen fertilizer and/or groundnut seeds for 30 min before cultivation can be recommended to enhance the N use efficiency under the sandy soil conditions. This can be attributed to the induction effect of the magnetic force on the chemical and biological reactions that enhance the nutrients availability and uptake in the soil-plant system.

Keywords: Groundnut, magnetized seeds, magnetized urea, sandy soil


How to Cite

Shaheen , A. E. A., Mohaseb , M. I., Ahmed , M. A., & Shaban, K. A. H. (2023). Effect of the Magnetic Treatment of Urea and Groundnut Seeds before Sowing on Its Yield and Quality under Sandy Soil Conditions. Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 9(2), 50–56. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajsspn/2023/v9i2180

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

El-Serafy RS, El-Sheshtawy AA. Effect of nitrogen fixing bacteria and moringa leaf extract on fruit yield, estragole content and total phenols of organic fennel. Scientia Horticulturae. 2020;265:109209.

Helaly, A. A., Hassan, S. M., Craker, L. E., and Mady, E. (2020). Effects of growth-promoting bacteria on growth, yield and nutritional value of collard plants. Annals of Agricultural Sciences 65 77–82.

Leggo PJ. The organo-zeolitic-soil system: A comprehensive fertilizer. International Journal of Waste Resources. 2014;04.

Abedinpour M, Rohani E. Effects of magnetized water application on soil and maize growth indices under different amounts of salt in the water. Journal of Water Reuse and Desalination. 2017;07(3):319-325.

Khoshravesh M, Mostafazadeh-Fard B, Mousavi SF, Kiani AR. Effects of magnetized water on the distribution pattern of soil water with respect to time in trickle irrigation. Soil Use Manag. 2011;27:515–522.

De Souza A, García D, Sueiro L, Gilart F. Improvement of the seed germination, growth and yield of onionplants by extremely low frequency non-uniform magnetic fields. Scientia Horticulturae. 2014;176:63–69.

Harb AM, Alnawateer BM, Abu-Aljarayesh I. Influence of static magnetic field seed treatments on the morphological and the biochemical changes in lentil seedlings (lens culinaris medik.). Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences. 2021;14(1):179-186.

Kamali N, Mehrabadi AR, Mirabi M, Zahed MA. Comparison of micro and nano MgO-functionalized vinasse biochar in phosphate removal: Micro-nano particle development, RSM optimization, and potential fertilizer. Journal of Water Process Engineering. 2021;39:101741.

Mohamed MS. Studying the effect of spraying magnetized fulvate and humate solutions on phosphorus availability in sandy soil cultivated by faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Egyptian Journal of Soil Science. 2020;60(4):409-423.

Vasilyeva M, Kovshov S, Zambrano J, Zhemchuzhnikov M. Effect of magnetic fields and fertilizers on grass and onion growth on technogenic soils. Journal of Water and Land Development. 2021;49(IV–VI):55–62.

Xiao-Feng P, Bo D. Investigation of changes in properties of water under the action of a magnetic field. Science in China Series G: Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy. 2008a;51(11):1621-1632.

Xiao-Feng P, Bo D. The changes of macroscopic features and microscopic structures of water under influence of magnetic field. Physica B. 2008b; 403:3571–3577.

Szcze´s A, Chibowski E, Hołysz L, Rafalski P. Effects of static magnetic field on water at kinetic condition. Chem. Eng. Process.: Process Intensification; 2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.cep.2010.12.005

Absalan Y, Gholizadeh M, Choi HJ. Magnetized solvents: Characteristics and various applications. Journal of Molecular Liquids. 2021;335:116167.

Karkush MO, Ahmed MD, Al-Ani SMA. Magnetic field influence on the properties of water treated by reverse osmosis. Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research. 2019;9(4):4433-4439.

Hussain M, Dastgeer G, Afzal A, Hussain S, Kanwar R. Eco-friendly magnetic field treatment to enhance wheat yield and seed germination growth. Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management. 2020;14:100299.

Vashisth A, Nagaraja S. Effect on germination and early growth characteristics in sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seeds exposed to static magnetic field. Journal of Plant Physiology. 2010;167:149–156.

Afzal I, Saleem S, Skalicky M, Javed T, Bakhtavar MA, Haq Z, Kamran M, Shahid M, Saddiq MS, Afzal A, Shafqat N, Dessoky ES, Gupta A, Korczyk-Szabo J, Brestic M, Sabagh AEL. Magnetic field treatments improves sunflower yield by inducing physiological and biochemical modulations in seeds. Molecules. 2021;26:1-14.

Zareei E, Zaare-Nahandi F, Hajilou J, Oustan S. Eliciting effects of magnetized solution on physiological and biochemical characteristics and elemental uptake in hydroponically grown grape (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Thompson Seedless). Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 2021;167: 586–595.

Black CA. Methods of soil analysis. Soil Sci. Soc. Am., Inc. Pub., Madison, Wisconsin, USA; 1982.

Chapman HD, Pratt RE. Methods of analysis for soil, plants and water. Department of Soil and Plant Nutrition, University of California, U.S.A; 1961.

Jackson ML. Soil chemical analysis. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Califfs, New Jersy, USA. 1973:429–464.

Roozbeh M, Sheikhdavoodi MJ, Almassi M, Bahrami H. Effects of tillage intensity and anionic polyacrylamide on sediment and nitrogen losses in irrigated wheat field. Afr. J. Agri. Res. 2011;6(22):5320-5327.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical procedures for agricultural research. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA. 1984:8–20.

El-Basioni SM, Hassan HM, Rashad RT. Effect of magnetic iron oxide combined with some additives on the yield of groundnut, wheat and nutrient availability in sandy soil. Egyptian Journal of Soil Science. 2015;55(4):441-452.

Wang Y, Wei H, Li Z. Effect of magnetic field on the physical properties of water. Results in Physics. 2018;8:262–267.

Li T, Lü S, Wang Z, Huang M, Yan J, Liu M. Lignin-based nanoparticles for recovery and separation of phosphate and reused as renewable magnetic fertilizers. Science of the Total Environment. 2021;765: 142745.

Rochalska M, Orzeszko-Rywka A. Magnetic field treatment improves seed performance. Seed Science and Technology. 2005;33:669-674.