Distribution of Soil Chemical Properties of Smallholder Farms on Derelict Mined-Sites of Jos South LGA, Jos Plateau, Nigeria

John Bathrobas Dakagan *

National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA), Abuja Nigeria and National Centre for Remote Sensing (NCRS) Jos, Nigeria.

Ibrahim Yakubu Tudunwada

National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA), Abuja Nigeria and Centre for Atmospheric Research CAR-NASRDA, Nigeria.

Samson Ajik Ajiji

National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA), Abuja Nigeria and National Centre for Remote Sensing (NCRS) Jos, Nigeria.

J. A. Aliyu

Crop and Forestry Department, National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services PMB 1067, ABU Zaria, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Tin mining environments have constituted a degrading challenge to smallholder farmers whose lands have been overtaken. Attempts by smallholder farmers to restore the lands to farming are faced with soil productivity constraints. Yet, these farmers struggle to cultivate farms in-between the mined lands to meet up with subsistence food requirements. To date, the farmers have identified areas with low and high potentials due to years of continuous cultivation. This study was conducted in an environment that had undergone mining on a larger scale and is now undergoing surface mining on a small scale. Thirty-one (31) soil samples were taken at a depth of 0-20cm to investigate the spread of soil chemical properties on smallholder farms. Coordinates of the samples were acquired using GPS to create georeferenced continuous surfaces. The results indicated that the majority of the soil's chemical properties varied moderately. Organic matter (0.89-1.74%) and nitrogen (0.045 - 0.096%) needed mostly by crops were very low due to uninformed distribution of soil chemical properties. Geostatistics was used to generate continuous surfaces through Kriging. The small nugget effect showed spatial continuity between the neighboring points. Strong spatial dependence occurred for all soil nutrients tested, due to intrinsic soil properties such as soil parent material, topography, texture, and mineralogy. Generally, the spread of soil nutrients on the smallholder farm coincides with the smallholder farmers' identified potential areas. The study suggests that for proper nutrient interventions on the farms, distribution of soil nutrients on the farms should be done to avoid excesses and shortages of inorganic and organic interventions.

Keywords: Smallholder, nutrients, distribution, mining, fertility

How to Cite

Dakagan , J. B., Tudunwada , I. Y., Ajiji , S. A., & Aliyu, J. A. (2024). Distribution of Soil Chemical Properties of Smallholder Farms on Derelict Mined-Sites of Jos South LGA, Jos Plateau, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 10(1), 30–44. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajsspn/2024/v10i1208


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