Effect of Integrated Use of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on Salinity Tolerance in Rice

Md. Shahin Hossin *

Department of Soil Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali-8602, Bangladesh.

Alok Kumar Paul

Department of Soil Science, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

Morsheda Akter Mukta

Agricultural Studies, Lebukhali, Angaria, Muradia (L.A.M.) United Mohila College, Dumki, Patuakhali-8602, Bangladesh.

Md. Fazlul Hoque

Department of Soil Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali-8602, Bangladesh.

Mohammad Kabirul Islam

Department of Soil Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali-8602, Bangladesh.

Md. Delowar Hossain

Department of Soil Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali-8602, Bangladesh.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Salinity is a serious problem for soil and water in Bangladesh. It limits normal year round crop production. To reduce this problem, this experiment was conducted in farmers’ field of two sites at south coastal region of Bangladesh for two consecutive years. Six treatments viz., T1: Control (no organic material and chemical fertilizer), T2: 100% recommended chemical fertilizers (NPKS), T3: 2 t ha-1 rice husk biochar + 100% recommended chemical fertilizers (NPKS), T4: 3 t ha-1 poultry manure + chemical fertilizers (NPKS) with IPNS basis, T5: 3 t ha-1 vermicompost + chemical fertilizers (NPKS) with IPNS basis, T6: 3 t ha-1 Mazim organic fertilizer + chemical fertilizers (NPKS) with IPNS basis were used in this experiment. The design of the experiment was randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 3 replications. The T. Aman rice (var. BRRI dhan52) was used as test crop. The results revealed that the maximum yield and yield contributing parameters were found in T3 treatment. Results also revealed that all the organic amendments integrated with chemical fertilizers were capable to increase soil fertility level by reducing salinity. Among them, T3 treatment was best because highest organic carbon, total nitrogen, available sulphur, available phosphorus, exchangeable potassium and lowest electrical conductivity, exchangeable sodium of post-harvest soils were found in this treatment. Therefore, integrated use of rice husk biochar and chemical fertilizers could be the better approach for enhancing food security through increasing crop production in southern saline region as well as whole Bangladesh.

Keywords: Salinity tolerance, T. Aman rice, organic and inorganic fertilizers, integrated use

How to Cite

Hossin, M. S., Paul , A. K., Mukta , M. A., Hoque , M. F., Islam , M. K., & Hossain , M. D. (2024). Effect of Integrated Use of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on Salinity Tolerance in Rice. Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 10(1), 45–59. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajsspn/2024/v10i1209


Download data is not yet available.


Salehin M, Chowdhury MMA, Clarke D, Mondal S, Nowreen S, Jahiruddin M, Haque A. Mechanisms and Drivers of Soil Salinity in Coastal Bangladesh. Ecosystem Services for Well-Being in Deltas, Nicholls R, Hutton C, Adger W, Hanson S, Rahman M and Salehin M (eds.). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71093-8_18. 2018.

Masum MR, Naher N, Paul AK, Alam AKMM. Effects of salinity on soil properties of coastal areas of (Babuganj, Bakerganj, Gournadi and Kalapara) in Bangladesh. International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. 2017;8(5):684-691.

Haque SA. Salinity problems and crop production in coastal regions of Bangladesh. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 2006;38(5):1359-1365.

Miah MY, Kamal MZU, Salam MA, Islam MS. Impact of salinity intrusion on agriculture of SouthwestBangladesh- A review. International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research. 2020; 8(2):40-47.

Sanwal SK, Lakminarayana K, Yadav RK, Rai N, Yadav DS, Mousumi B. Effect of organic materials on soil fertility, growth, physiology, yield and quality of turmeric. Indian Journal of Horticulture. 2007; 64(4):444-449.

Jeptoo A, Aguyoh JN, Saidi M. Improving carrot yield and quality through the use of bio-slurry manure. Sustainable Agriculture Research. 2013;2(1):164-172.

Brady NC, Weil RC. The Nature and Properties of Soils. 15th Edition, Pearson, New York;2017.

Haque MA, Jahiruddin M, Islam MS, Rahman MM, Saleque MA. Effect of bioslurry on the fertility and productivity of wheat for wheat-rice cropping system. Agricultural Research. 2018;7(4): 432-442.

Bangladesh Population Census 2001. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Kalapara Upazila;2007.

Al-Karaki G. Growth, sodium, and potassium uptake and translocation in salt stressed tomato. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 2000;23:369-379.

Hossin MS, Paul AK, Hoque MF, Mukta MA, Hossain MD. Estimation of fertility status of coastal soils for agricultural planning in Bangladesh. Haya: The Saudi Journal of Life Science. 2022; 7(5):142-150.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research-An International Rice Research Institute Book. Second Edition. A Wiley-Inter Science Publication, John Wiley & Sons, New York;1984.

Chen X, Yang S, Ding J, Jiang Z, Sun X. Effects of biochar addition on rice growth and yield under water-saving irrigation. Water. 2021;13:209.

Hossain MN, Sarker UK, Uddin MR, Rehana S, Hoque MMI, Islam MA. Effects of bio-slurry with chemical fertilizer on the performance of some high yielding varieties of boro rice (Oryza sativa L.). Archives of Agriculture and Environmental Science. 2018;3(2):109-115.

Olasekan AA, Agbede TM, Aboyeji C, Dunsin O, Simeon VT. Effects of biochar and poultry manure on soil characteristics and the yield of radish. Scientia Horticulturae. 2019;243:457-463.

Ran C, Gulaqa A, Zhu J, Wang X, Zhang S, Geng Y, Guo L, Jin F, Shao X. Benefits of biochar for improving ion contents, cell membrane permeability, leaf water status and yield of rice under saline-sodic paddy field condition. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation. 2020;39:370-377.

Akthar SS, Andersen M, Liu F. Biochar mitigates salinity stress in potato. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 2015;21(5): 368-378.

Malik SS, Chauhan RC. Impact of organic farming on soil chemical properties. Journal of International Academic Research for Multidisciplinary. 2014;2(7): 349-360.

Haefele SM, Konboon Y, Wongboonm W, Amaranthe S, Maarifat AA. Effects and fate of biochar from rice residues in rice-based systems. Field Crops Research. 2011;121 (3):430-440.