Optimization of Chemical Fertilizer through Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) Approach and its Effect on Growth and Yield of Mustard (Brassica juncea L.)

Biplob Dey

Doon (P.G) College of Agriculture Science and Technology, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

Pallavi Bhatt *

School of Agriculture, Graphic Era Hill University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

Roop Kishore Sharma

Doon (P.G) College of Agriculture Science and Technology, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

Debjeet Sharma

Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Subhrangshu Mandal

Doon (P.G) College of Agriculture Science and Technology, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


A field experiment to test the optimization of chemical fertilizer use through Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) approach and its effect on growth and yield of Mustard (Brassica juncea L.) was carried out at Rampur agricultural field of Doon (P.G) College of Agriculture Science and Technology, Selaqui, Dehradun, Uttarakhand during the rabi season 2021-2022. The experiment comprised of nine treatments of organic and inorganic nutrient combination, viz T1- Control (No Fertilizer), T2- Recommended Dose of Fertilizer (RDF) (80:60:40 kg/ha), T3- 100 % vermicompost (6.0 t/ha), T4- 75% Farm Yard Manure (FYM) (15.0 t/ha) + 25% RDF (20:15:10 kg/ha), T5- 50% RDF (40:30:20 kg/ha) + FYM (5.0 t/ha) + green manure (2.5 t/ha) + gypsum (10.0 kg/ha), T6-50% RDF (40:30:20 kg/ha) + vermicompost (3.0 t/ha)+ gypsum (5.0 kg/ha), T7- 75% RDF (60:45:30 kg/ha) + vermicompost (2.5 t/ha), T8- 75% RDF (60:45:30 kg/ha) + vermicompost (1.5 t/ha) + green manure (1.5 t/ha), T9- 75% RDF (60:45:30 kg/ha) + FYM (1.5 t/ha) + vermicompost (1.0 t/ha) + green manure (1 t/ha) + gypsum (10.0 kg/ha), laid out in randomized block design with three replication. The results of experiment revealed that there was increase in plant growth parameters in the treatment T9, followed by treatment T8 and T5, respectively. Moreover, the maximum seed yield (2240.39 kg/ha) was observed under T9 over control, where no fertilizer application was applied. The present investigation established the fact that integrated use both organic and inorganic fertilizer can be recommended to the farmers as one of the key strategies for enhancing crop response in terms of growth and yield of mustard.

Keywords: Integrated nutrient management, oil seeds, organic manures, norganic nutrients

How to Cite

Dey, B., Bhatt, P., Sharma, R. K., Sharma, D., & Mandal, S. (2024). Optimization of Chemical Fertilizer through Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) Approach and its Effect on Growth and Yield of Mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 10(1), 64–74. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajsspn/2024/v10i1211


Download data is not yet available.


Vavilov NI. The origin, variation, immunity and breeding of cultivated plants. Chron Bot. 1949;13:1- 364.

Bareliya RS. Determinants productivity of mustard in gird agro-climatic region of Madhya Pradesh, Ph.D. agricultural economics, thesis, agriculture faculty, MGCGV, Chitrakoot Satna (M.P.); 2023.

Press Information buerua. National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign; 2023. Available:https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1921735#:~:text=Mustard%20production%20has%20jumped%20by%2040%25%20from%2091.24,in%202019-20%20to%2088.58%20lakh%20ha%20in %202022-23

Kapila Shekhawat K, Rathore SS, Premi OP, Kandpal BK, Chauhan JS. Advances in agronomic management of indian mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. Cosson): An Overview; 2012Article ID 408284 .


APEDA, 2020. Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development; 2020. Available:https://apeda.gov.in/apedawebsite

Campbell B, Han DY, Triggs CM.. Brassicaceae, nutrient analysis and investigation of tolerability in people with Crohn’s disease in a New Zealand study. Journal of Functional Foods in Health and Disease. 2012;2(11):460–486.


Jaiswal SK, Prakash R, Acharya R, Reddy AVR, Prakasha NT. Selenium content in seed, oil and oil cake of Se hyperaccumulated Brassica juncea (Indian mustard) cultivated in a seleniferous region of India. Food Chemistry. 2012;134(1): 401–404. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.02.140

Kakraliya SK, Kumar N, Dahiya S, Kumar S, Yadav DD, andamp; Singh M. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth dynamics and productivity trend of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under irrigated cropping system. Journal of Plant Development Sciences. 2017;9(1):11-15.

Ye JY, Tian WH, Jin CW. Nitrogen in plants: from nutrition to the modulation of abiotic stress adaptation. Stress Biology 2022;2:4.


Chen KE, Chen HY, Tseng CS, Tsay YF. Improving nitrogen use efficiency by manipulating nitrate remobilization in plants. Nat Plants. 2020;6:1126–1135. Available:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-020-00758-0

Tarfeen N, Nisa KUI, Hassan S, Manzoor A. Humaira, Sultan Z. Integrated nutrient management strategies for improving crop yield. Sustainable Plant Nutrition. Academic Press. 2023;283-297.


Black, CA. Methods of Soil Analysis. Amer. Soc. of Agro. Inc. Publ. Madison, Wisconsin, USA; 1965.

Bower CA, Wilcox L.A. Method of soil analysis, Part 2, ASA, Inc. Madison, Wisconsin, USA; 1965

Subbiah BV, Asija GL. A rapid procedure for assessment of available nitrogen in rice plots. Curr. Sci. 1956;31:196-200.

Olsen SR, Cok CB, Watanboble PC, Dean LA. Estimation of phosphorus in soil by extraction with sodium carbonate, U.S.D.A. Circular, 1954;34:1-19.

Hanway JJ, Hiedal H. Soil analysis method used in Iowa State Soil Testing Laboratory, Iowa Agriculture, 1952;57:1-37.

Tripathi MK, Chaturvedi S,Shukla DK and Saini SK. Influence of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield and quality of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) in tarai region of northern India. Journal of Crop and Weed. 2010;7(2):104-107.

Jethava BA, Patel KM, Rathva VD, Macwan SJ. Effect of integrated nutrient management and micronutrients on growth, yield and economics of tomato cv. GAT-5. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023;12(3):4462-4466

Kumar R, Batra VK, Kumar V, Kumar A. Response of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) to integrated nutrient management. International Journal of Pure Applied Bioscience. 2017;5(5):217-221.

Parmar UTD, Das MP, Pradhan J. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth development and yield traits of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.). J. Pharmacogn. Phytochem. 2019;8(3):2764-2768.

Singh A, Jain PK, Sharma HL, Singh Y. Effect of planting date and integrated nutrient management on the production potential of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon Mill.) under polyhouse condition. J. Crop and Weed. 2015;11:28-33.

Kumar SN, Vidhya MTV, Rathika K. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield attributes and economics of spiny brinjal (Solanum melongina L.) Var. VRM (Br)-1. Int. J Envi. and Climate Change. 2021;1(10):1-6. 8.

Waskel S, Jatav SK, Singh SS. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield attributes of Brinjal. Int. J Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2019;8(11):1849-1853.

Kalita N, Bhuyan S, Maibangsa S, Saud RK. Effect of Biofertilizer seed treatment on Growth, yield and economics of toria (Brassica campestris L.) under rainfed condition in hill zone of Assam. Current Agriculture Research Journal. 2019; 7(3):332.

Singh SP, Pal MS. Effect of integrated nutrient management on productivity, quality, nutrient uptake and economics of mustard (Brassica juncea). Indian Journal of Agronomy. 2011;56(4): 381-387.

Mandal KG, Sinha AC. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield, oil content and nutrient uptake of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) in foothills soils of eastern India. Indian J. Agron. 2002;47(1):109-113.

Chauhan DR, Paroda S, Kataria OP, Singh KP. Response of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) to biofertilizers and nitrogen. Indian J. Agron. 1995;40(1):86-90.

Mukherjee, D. Effect of cultivars and fertility levels on growth, nutrient uptake and quality of mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czem and Coss.) grown in rice fallow in gangetic plains. New Series. 2020;41(4):382.

Thaneshwar, Singh V, Prakash J, Kumar M, Kumar S, Singh RK. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of mustard (Brassica juncea L.) in irrigated condition of upper gangetic plain zone of India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2017;6(1):922-932

Das PK, Sarangi D, Jena MK, Mohanty S. Response of green gram (Vigna radiate (L.) to integrated application of vermicompost and chemical fertilizers in acid lateritic soil. Indian Agriculture. 2002; 46:79-87.

Saha PK, Malik GC, Bhattacharyya P, Banerjee M. Integrated Nutrient Management on Growth and Productivity of Rapeseed-mustard Cultivars. International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. 2015;6 (2):192-197.

Jackson ML. Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall of India. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 1967;498.

Tian Y, Deng F. Phytochemistry and biological activity of mustard (Brassica juncea): A review, CyTA - Journal of Food. 2020;18:1:704-718,

DOI: 10.1080/19476337.2020.1833988