Ground Water Quality Assessment of Different Villages of Kheda District of Gujarat, India

Bhavik J. Prajapati *

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, India.

J. K. Parmar

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, India.

Swati H. Patel

Micronutrient Research Center (ICAR), Anand Agricultural University, Anand, India.

Nilesh S. Paragi

Regional Research Station, Kothara, SDAU, Dantiwada, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The Kheda district lies in the Cambay basin situated between Saurashtra crater and Aravalli Swell and Deccan Shield in the east. The basin comprises both marine formations, is the principal source of water supply for middle Gujarat region. The quality evaluation for this groundwater is very important tool for sustainable development and decision for water management. A survey work conducted during April-May, 2016 for ground water quality assessment of ‘Kheda district of middle Gujarat. A total of 160 groundwater samples, from shallow, springs, and deep aquifers, were collected, storage and analysed to evaluate its quality suitability for domestic and agriculture purposes. The result of quality of underground wells/tube wells water revealed that the EC values ranged 0.51 to 8.50 with a mean value of 2.04 dS m-1. The waters were alkaline in reaction (pH 7.97). The overall RSC values ranged from -4.80 to 10.50 with a mean value of 2.41 me L-1. The overall mean value of SSP was found 34.34, which varied from 8.00 to 77.26. The SAR values ranged from 0.36 to 29.96 with a mean value of 7.48.

Keywords: Ground water, physico-chemical analysis, water quality index

How to Cite

Prajapati , B. J., Parmar , J. K., Patel , S. H., & Paragi , N. S. (2024). Ground Water Quality Assessment of Different Villages of Kheda District of Gujarat, India. Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 10(1), 109–119.


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