Exploring Genetic Divergence in Cowpea: A Comprehensive Review

T Senthilkumar *

Department of Nematology, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Pudukkottai, Tamil Nadu-622303, India.

E. Ejilane

Department of Microbiology, KVK Vellore TNAU, India.

M. Ramasamy

VAS, KVK, Vellore, TNAU, India.

Karthik Chittibomma

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Central Agricultural University, Imphal, Manipur-795004, India.

Chingkheinganba Naorem

College of Agriculture, Central Agricultural University, Imphal, Manipur-795004, India.

Rishav Kumar

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Central Agricultural University, Imphal, Manipur-795004, India.

S V Bhavani Prasad

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, ANGRAU, Andhra Pradesh, India.

K. Dhanalakshmi

Department of Hortiiculture, HCand RI (W) Trichy TNAU, Tamil Nadu, India.

K. Chitra

Department of plant Pathology, KVK, Vellore, TNAU, Tamil Nadu, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Genetic divergence in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) presents a compelling area of study with profound implications for breeding programs, crop improvement strategies, and agricultural sustainability. This abstract encapsulates a comprehensive review of the genetic divergence observed within cowpea populations. By examining the genetic diversity, population structure, and molecular markers employed in cowpea research, this review aims to elucidate the underlying genetic mechanisms driving divergence within the species. The review explores the ecological and geographical factors influencing genetic differentiation, as well as the implications for breeding objectives and germplasm conservation. Furthermore, it discusses the potential applications of genetic divergence analysis in enhancing crop adaptation, resilience, and productivity in diverse agroecological contexts. Through a synthesis of current research findings and emerging trends, this review provides valuable insights into the genetic architecture of cowpea and its implications for sustainable crop improvement strategies.

Keywords: Cowpea, D2 statistics, cluster, genetic divergence


How to Cite

Senthilkumar, T., Ejilane , E., Ramasamy, M., Chittibomma, K., Naorem , C., Kumar, R., Prasad , S. V. B., Dhanalakshmi, K., & Chitra , K. (2024). Exploring Genetic Divergence in Cowpea: A Comprehensive Review. Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 10(2), 80–87. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajsspn/2024/v10i2263

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