Synergistic Benefits of Combined Application of Manures and Chemical Fertilizers: Enhancing Growth and Yield of Rice and Wheat

Saleha Khatun Ripta *

Department of Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Rabaya Akter Tonni

Department of Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Shapla Parvin

Department of Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Md. Roconuzzaman Nasim

Department of Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Khadija Khatun Keya

Department of Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Moumita Saha

Department of Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Joy Sarker

Department of Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

S. M. Kamran Ashraf

Department of Agroforestry, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

M. Mazibur Rahman

Department of Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Md. Rafiqul Islam

Department of Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The incorporation of compost and manure with chemical fertilizer has become a key concern to sustain soil fertility. Because the nutrients are continuously depleting from the soil and consequently creating a risk to preserving soil health.

Aims: This study assesses the response of different doses of cowdung (CD), municipal solid waste compost (MSWC), oil cake (OC), and poultry manure (PM), incorporated with fertilizers on the growth, yield and protein content of BRRI dhan49 rice and BARI Gom-24.

Study Design:  RCBD with 8 treatments and 3 replications.

Place and Duration of Study: Field experiment and nutrient analysis were carried out at Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Mymensingh. Wheat was grown during the rabi season from October 2018 to March 2019. Again, rice was cultivated during kharif II season from August 2019 to December 2019 on the same field. Then the laboratory analysis was performed till June 2020.

Methodology: Eight treatments i.e., T0 Control (no fertilizer), T1 Recommended Fertilizer Dose, T2 (CD + NPK), T3 (MSWC + NPK), T4 (OC + NPK), T5 (PM + N), T6 (MSWC + N), T7: (CD + OC) were accommodated. Data on the growth parameters including grain and straw yields were documented after the harvest of the fully matured crop simultaneously determining the nitrogen (N) and protein content.

Results: Adoption of various combinations of compost and manures with fertilizer accorded an increase in yield contributing characters as well as the N and protein content. Integrating MSWC @ 10 t ha-1+N projected the highest grain yield (7.11 t ha-1 in rice; 4.84 t ha-1 in wheat) and straw yield (8.8 t ha-1 in rice; 5.55 t ha-1 in wheat). It also promisingly secured the highest protein content compared to all other treatments.

Conclusion: The appliance of MSWC @ 10 t ha-1 with the recommended dose of N may be endorsed for rice and wheat cultivation in the AEZ-9 region and retaining the physicochemical properties of Old Brahmaputra Floodplain soils.

Keywords: Compost, municipal solid waste compost, growth, N uptake, protein content, yield


How to Cite

Ripta, S. K., Tonni , R. A., Parvin, S., Nasim , M. R., Keya , K. K., Saha , M., Sarker, J., Ashraf, S. M. K., Rahman , M. M., & Islam, M. R. (2024). Synergistic Benefits of Combined Application of Manures and Chemical Fertilizers: Enhancing Growth and Yield of Rice and Wheat. Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 10(2), 269–279. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajsspn/2024/v10i2284

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