Effect of Kharif Paddy Straw Management Options on Nitrogen Requirement to Rabi Paddy

Navya. K *

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Agricultural College, Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Polasa, Jagtial, India.

Uma Reddy. R

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Agricultural College, Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Polasa, Jagtial, India.

Krishna Chaitanya. A

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Agricultural College, Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Polasa, Jagtial, India.

Suneetha Devi. K. B

Department of Agronomy, Agricultural College, Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Polasa, Jagtial, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

A study conducted during the rabi season of 2020-21 at the Regional Agricultural Research Station, Polasa, Jagtial, under the auspices of Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, yielded insightful findings. The investigation revealed that incorporating paddy straw with a C:N ratio of 71:1 led to the immobilization of soil mineral nitrogen. Specifically, during 7, 15, and 30 days after treatment (DAT), approximately 7.2, 9.3, and 7.03 kg ha-1 of available nitrogen respectively was immobilized without phosphorus, whereas with phosphorus addition, the figures rose to 10.94, 14.75, and 11.04 kg ha-1 during the same time frames. Notably, after harvest of rabi rice significantly higher soil available nitrogen levels were recorded under paddy straw incorporation with phosphorus (169.7 kg ha-1), followed by incorporation without phosphorus (161.2 kg ha-1), and paddy straw burning (151.9 kg ha-1). Moreover, the application of nitrogen at graded levels impacted soil available nitrogen. Based on these findings, it was recommended, to counteract the immobilization effect and maximize crop yield, it was advised to apply 15% excess of recommended dose of nitrogen (RDN), as basal application.

Keywords: Rice production, soil mineral nitrogen, rice straw, straw management


How to Cite

Navya. K, Uma Reddy. R, Krishna Chaitanya. A, & Suneetha Devi. K. B. (2024). Effect of Kharif Paddy Straw Management Options on Nitrogen Requirement to Rabi Paddy. Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 10(2), 327–335. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajsspn/2024/v10i2290

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Gaind S, Nain L. Chemical and biological properties of wheat soil in response to paddy straw incorporation and its biodegradation by fungal inoculants. Biodegradation. 2007;18(4):495-503.

Bhuvaneshwari S, Hiroshan H, Jay NM. Crop residue burning in India: Policy challenges and potential solutions. International Journal of Environment Research on Public Health. 2019;16(5):832-845.

Singh A, Chaudhary DP, Minhas PS. Options for effective utilization of crop residues directorate of research. Punjab Agricultural University: Ludhiana, India. 2010;32.

Mandal KG, Misra AK, Hati KM, Bandyopadhyay KK, Ghosh PK, Mohanty M. Rice residue-management options and effects on soil properties and crop productivity. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment. 2004;2:224-231.

Zhang P, Wei T, Jia Z, Han Q, Ren X. Soil aggregate and crop yield changes with different rates of straw incorporation in semi arid areas of northwest China. Geoderma. 2014;230:41-49.

Jain N, Pathak H, Bhatia A. Sustainable management of crop residues in India. Current Advances in Agricultural Sciences. 2014;6(1):1-9.

Lohan SK, Jat HS, Yadav AK, Sidhu HS, Jat ML, Choudhary M, Peter JK, Sharma PC. Burning issues of paddy residue management in North-west states of India. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2018;81:693-706.

Smitha GR, Basak BB, Thondaiman V, Saha A. Nutrient management through organics, bio-fertilizers and crop residues improves growth, yield and quality of sacred basil (Ocimum sanctum Linn). Industrial Crops and Products. 2019;128:599-606.

Dobermann A, Fairhurst TH. Rice straw management. Better Crops International. 2002;16(1):7-11.

Chowdhary MAH, Begum R, Kabir MR, Zhakir MH. Plant and animal residue decomposition and transformation of S and P in soil. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 2002;5(7):736-739.

Udayasooriyan C, Govindasamy KN, Subbiah P. Effect of Trichoderma viride, additional nitrogen and farmyard manure on the productivity and sustainability of rice (Oryza sativa) – rice – groundnut (Arachis hypogea) system. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 1997;42(1):1-4.

Sharma S, Singh P, Choudhary OP. Nitrogen and rice straw incorporation impact nitrogen use efficiency, soil nitrogen pools and enzyme activity in rice-wheat system in North-western India. Field Crops Research. 2021;266:108131.

Hartmann M, Frey B, Mayer J, Mäder P, Widmer F. Distinct soil microbial diversity under long-term organic and conventional farming. The ISME Journal. 2015;9(5):1177-1194.

Garcia-Ruiz R, Baggs EM. N2O emission from soil following combined application of fertiliser-N and ground weed residues. Plant and Soil. 2007;299(1):263-274.

Singh B, Rengel Z, Bowden JW. Canola residues decomposition: The effect of particle size on microbial respiration and cycling of sulphur in a sandy soil. In Super Soil: 3rd Australian New Zealand Soils Conference, University of Sydney, Australia. 2004;1-7.

Ghafoor I, Habib-ur-Rahman M, Ali M, Afzal M, Ahmed W, Gaiser T, Ghaffar A. Slow-release nitrogen fertilizers enhance growth, yield, NUE in wheat crop and reduce nitrogen losses under an arid environment. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2021;1-16.

Yansheng C, Fengliang Z, Zhongyi Z, Tongbin Z, Huayun X. Biotic and abiotic nitrogen immobilization in soil incorporated with crop residue. Soil and Tillage Research. 2020;202:104664.

Sharma S, Singh P, Kumar S. Responses of soil carbon pools, enzymatic activity, and crop yields to nitrogen and straw incorporation in a rice-wheat cropping system in north-western India. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems. 2020;4: 203.

Berg B. Nutrient release from litter and humus in coniferous forest soils—a mini review. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research. 1986;1(1-4):359-369.

Ma QX, Wu LG, Wang J, Ma JZ, Zheng NG, Hill PW, Chadwick DR, Jones DL. Fertilizer regime changes the competitive uptake of organic nitrogen by wheat and soil microorganisms: An in-situ uptake test using 13C, 15N labelling, and 13C-PLFA analysis. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 2018;125:319–327.

Yang B, Wang XM, Ma HY, Yang T, Jia Y, Zhou J, Dai CC. Fungal endophyte Phomopsis liquidambari affects nitrogen transformation processes and related microorganisms in the rice rhizosphere. Frontiers Microbiology. 2015;6:1–15.

Yang X, Lu Y, Zhou J, Gao H, Ma C. Co-application of nitrogen and straw-decomposing microbial inoculant enhanced wheat straw decomposition and rice yield in a paddy soil. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research. 2021;4:100134.

Murphy DV, Macdonald AJ, Stockdale EA, Goulding KWT, Fortune S, Gaunt JL, Poulton PR, Wakefield JA, Webster CP, Wilmer WS. Soluble organic nitrogen in agricultural soils. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 2000;30(5):374-387.

Pullicino D, Cucu MA, Sodano M, Birk JJ, Glaser B, Celi L. Nitrogen immobilization in paddy soils as affected by redox conditions and rice straw incorporation. Geoderma. 2014;228:44-53.

Thuan HN, Long DT. Use rice straw from previous season for the following season on degraded soil, Bac Giang province. Vietnam. Journal of Science and Development. Hanoi Agric University. 2010;8:843-849.

Davari MR, Sharma SN, Mirzakhani M. Effect of cropping systems and crop residue incorporation on production and properties of soil in an organic agroecosystem. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture. 2012;28(3):206-222.

Chen Y, Sun TT, Qian HY, Fan JB, He YQ, Sun B. Nitrogen mineralization as a result of phosphorus supplementation in long-term phosphate deficient soil. Applied Soil Ecology. 2016;106:24-32.

Guruanand C, Raju M, Boomiraj K, Boominathan P, Kumar GP, Kumar SM. Effect of paddy straw incorporation on growth and yield of rice under wetland ecosystem. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change. 2023;13(10):502-510.

Li Z, Li D, Ma L, Yu Y, Zhao B, Zhang J. Effects of straw management and nitrogen application rate on soil organic matter fractions and microbial properties in North China Plain. Journal of Soils and Sediments. 2019;19(2):618-628.

Vijayprabhakar A, Nallaiah DN, Vinoth RJ. Effect of rice straw management options on soil available macro and Micro nutrients in succeeding rice field. International Journal of Chemical Studies. 2017; 5(4):410-413.

Van Kessel JS, Reeves III JB, Meisinger JJ. Nitrogen and carbon mineralization of potential manure components. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America. 2000;29(5):1669-1677.

Nicolardot B, Recous S, Mary B. Simulation of C and N mineralisation during crop residue decomposition: A simple dynamic model based on the C: N ratio of the residues. Plant and Soil. 2001;228(1):83-103.

Muhammad W, Vaughan SM, Dalal RC, Menzies NW. Crop residues and fertilizer nitrogen influence residue decomposition and nitrous oxide emission from a Vertisol. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 2011;47(1):15-23.

Ali I, Nabi G. Soil carbon and nitrogen mineralization dynamics following incorporation and surface application of rice and wheat residues. Soil and Environment. 2016;35(2).

Srinivas K, Singh HP, Vanaja M, Raju AS, Sharma KL. Effect of chemical composition of plant residues on nitrogen mineralization. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science. 2006;54(3):300–306.

Corbeels M, Hofman G, Van Cleemput O. Nitrogen cycling associated with the decomposition of sunflower stalks and wheat straw in a Vertisol. Plant and Soil. 2000;218(1):71-82.

Kachroo D, Dixit AK, Bhat AK. Decomposition of various residues and their nutrient release pattern under Alfisols of Jammu Region. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science. 2006;54(3):342– 344.

Brown PL, Dickey DD. Losses of wheat straw residue under simulated field conditions. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 1970;34:118–121.

Douglas Jr CL, Allmaras RR, Rasmussen PE, Ramig RE, Roager Jr NC. Wheat straw composition and placement effects on decomposition in dryland agriculture of the Pacific Northwest. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 1980;44(4):833-837.

Goldfarb KC, Karaoz U, Hanson CA, Santee CA, Bradford MA, Treseder KK, Wallenstein MD, Brodie EL. Differential growth responses of soil bacterial taxa to carbon substrates of varying chemical recalcitrance. Frontiers in Microbiology. 2011;2:94.

Fierer N, Bradford MA, Jackson RB. Toward an ecological classification of soil bacteria. Ecology. 2007;88(6): 1354-1364.

Li L, He L, Li Y, Wang Y, Ashraf U, Hamoud YA, Pan S. Deep fertilization combined with straw incorporation improved rice lodging resistance and soil properties of paddy fields. European Journal of Agronomy. 2023;142:126659.

Naresh RK, Dhaliwal SS, Chandra MS, Malhotra SK, Harish J, Singh PK, Kumar V, Baliyan A, Gawdiya S. Alternative uses, in and off-field managements to reduce adverse impact of crop residue burning on environment: A review. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change. 2021;11(1):100-118.

Subbaiah BV, Asija GL. A rapid procedure for the estimation Available N in the soils. Current Science. 1956;25:259.