Precision Fertilization Strategies for Maximizing Jute Yield in Alluvial Soils of Seemanchal Region of Bihar

Rama Kant Singh *

KVK Rohtas Bihar Agricultural University Sabour, Bhagalpur, India.

Pankaj Kumar

KVK Katihar, Bihar Agricultural University Sabour, Bhagalpur, India.

R.K. Jalaj

KVK Rohtas Bihar Agricultural University Sabour, Bhagalpur, India.

Ratan Kumar

KVK Rohtas Bihar Agricultural University Sabour, Bhagalpur, India.

Shobha Rani

KVK Rohtas Bihar Agricultural University Sabour, Bhagalpur, India.

R.N. Singh

Bihar Agricultural University Sabour, Bhagalpur, India.

R.K. Sohane

Bihar Agricultural University Sabour, Bhagalpur, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


This research explores precision fertilization techniques to enhance jute production in Katihar district, Bihar, crucial for small farming households in the Seemanchal region, aiming to replace indiscriminate nitrogen application with the Soil Test Targeted Yield (ST-TY) method, crucial for the economic and environmental value of jute, known as the "golden fiber." Over two years (2019-2020) in the Seemanchal region's Katihar district, an experiment compared Soil Test Targeted Yield (ST-TY) method with traditional practices, revealing minimal impact on soil properties but significant decreases in available nitrogen and phosphorus levels raising concern over nutrient management. Notably, achieving a targeted fiber yield of 32.52 qha-1 through specific fertilizer applications (83:35:19 N:P:K kg/ha) with organic matter consistently outperformed other methods. The method resulted in superior plant growth (385 cm) and fiber production (32.52 q ha-1), yielding the highest net income (96884 Rs ha-1) and benefit-cost ratio (3.44), showcasing its economic viability. This underscores the importance of tailored fertilizer strategies and organic materials for enhancing jute cultivation, suggesting broader adoption potential in Seemanchal and beyond.

Keywords: Jute, STTY, fertilization strategies, alluvial soils

How to Cite

Singh, R. K., Kumar, P., Jalaj, R., Kumar, R., Rani, S., Singh, R., & Sohane, R. (2024). Precision Fertilization Strategies for Maximizing Jute Yield in Alluvial Soils of Seemanchal Region of Bihar. Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 10(2), 396–402.


Download data is not yet available.


Majumdar B, Saha AR, Majumdar SP, Sarkar S, Saha R and Kundu DK. Integrated nutrient management in jute (Corchorus sp) based cropping system: A review. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2019;89(9):1393–1400

Ray PK, Jana AK, Maitra DN, Saha MN, Chaudhury J, Saha, S and Saha AR. Fertilizer prescriptions on soil test basis for jute, rice and wheat in Typic Ustochrept. J. Indian Soc. Soil. Sci. 2000;48:79-84.

Ramamoorthy B, Narasimham R L and Dinesh RS. Fertilizer application for specific yield targets of Sonora 64. Indian Farming. 1967;17:43-44.

Kanwar JS. Soil testing service in India, retrospect and prospect. Proc. Int. Symp. Soil Fert. Eval., New Delhi-1, 1971;1103-13.

Blake GR, Hartge H. Bulk Density. Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 1. Physical and Mineralogical Methods. Am. Soc. Agron. Madison. USA: 1986;101:365-375.

Bodman GB. Nomograms for Rapid Calculation of Soil Density, Water Content, and Total Porosity Relationships. Agronomy Journal. 1942;883

Chopra CL, Kanwar JS. Analytical Agricultural Chemistry. Kalyani Publication, New Delhi; 1991.

Walkley A, Black CA. An examination of Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci. 1934;37:29–38.

Subbiah BV, Asija GL. A rapid procedure for estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Curr. Sci. 1986;25:259–260.

Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanabe FS, Dean LA. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Circular No 939, USA, 19. 1954.

Tandon HLS. Method of Analysis of Soils, Plants, Water and Fertilizers. Fertilizer Development and Consultation Organization 204- 204A. Bhanot Corner, 1-2 Pamposh Enclave, New Delhi 110048 (India); 1993.

Piper CS. Soil and plant analysis. Hans publishers, Bombay 1996;197-201.

Hunt R. Plant Growth Analysis. Edward Arnold, London. 1978;37.

Russell D. MSTAT-C package programme. Crop and Soil Science Department, Michigan State University, SA; 1986.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2nd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1984;680.

Doharey AK, Nayak P, Katyal P, Sagar RL and Mandal AK. 1 Relation of inorganic P fractions with soil available P, fibre yield and P uptake by jute (Corchorus capsularis L). Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 1980;28(1): 110–2.

Ray PK, Gupta SK. Studies on fractionation of phosphorus of jute growing soils in relation to yield, P-uptake and soil test values. Indian Agriculturist. 1979; 23(3):131–9.

Majumdar B, Saha AR, Ghorai AK, Sarkar SK, Chowdhury H, Kundu DK and Mahapatra BS. Effect of fertilizer treatments on jute (Corchorus olitorius), microbial dynamicsin its rhizosphere and residual fertility status of soil. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2014; 84(4): 503–8.

Singh SR, Maitra DN, Kundu DK, Majumdar B, Saha AR, Mahapatra BS. Integrated fertilizer rescription equations for recommendations of fertilizers in jute–rice–garden pea sequence on alluvial soil of eastern India. Commun. Soil Sci. Pl. Anal. 2015;46:1-15.

Kumar M, Ghorai AK, Mitra S, Majumdar B, Naik MR, Kundu DK. Productivity and resource use efficiency of different jute based cropping systems under nutrient and crop residue management practices. Journal of Agri Search. 2016;3(2):76–81.