Effect of Powdered and Composted Meat Bones on the Growth and Yield of Water Spinach (Ipomoea aquatica)

Main Article Content

Badhon Ahmmed
Tamzid Bin Shafique
Shaikh Motasim Billah


For agriculture, the most important is the soil’s function as a base and medium for plant growth. The soil health and soil condition are important for plant growth. And the management of soil organic matter is an important part in case of managing soil health and maintaining soil conditions. The experiment was carried out in the field lab (Net House) of Soil, Water and Environment discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh. Total 21 plastic pots were used to continue the experiment with 7 treatments. For the experiment, the meat bones were collected and used in the experimental pot along with soil in different doses. This research has revealed that meat bones both powdered and composted, has significantly increased (about 20-25%) the growth parameters of water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) such as a number of leaves, shoot length, fresh weight, dry weight and moisture content. So, the application of powdered and composted meat bones in soil will contribute in the growth of water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica).

Soil organic matter, meat bones, water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica), pot experiment.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ahmmed, B., Shafique, T. B., & Billah, S. M. (2019). Effect of Powdered and Composted Meat Bones on the Growth and Yield of Water Spinach (Ipomoea aquatica). Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 4(4), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajsspn/2019/v4i430052
Original Research Article


Hongfei F. Evaluation of antioxidant activities of principal carotenoids available in water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica). Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 2011;24(2):288-297.

USDA (The United States Department of Agriculture), Ipomoea aquatica Forssk; 2005.

Dua TK, Dewanjee S, Gangopadhyay M, Khanra R, Zia-Ul-Haq M, DeFeo V. Ameliorative effect of water spinach, Ipomoea aquatic (Convolvulaceae), against experimentally induced arsenic toxicity. Journal of Translational Medicine. 2015;13:81.
DOI: 10.1186/s12967-015-0430-3

Gothberg A, Greger M, Bengtsson B. Accumulation of heavy metals in water Spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) cultivated in Bangkok region, Thailand. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 2005;21:1934-1939.

Chen BH, Yang SH, Han H. Characterization of major carotenoids in water Convolvulus (Ipomoea aquatica) by open-column, thin layer and high-performance Liquid chromatography. Journal of Chromatography. 1991;534: 147-155.

Gupta S, Lakshmi AJ, Manjunath MN, Prakash J. Analysis of nutrient and antinutrient content of underutilized green leafy vegetables. LWT Food Science. 2005;43:11–21.

Bhuiyan NI. Crop production trend and need of sustainability in agriculture. A paper presented in a three-day long workshop on integrated nutrients management for sustainable agriculture held at SRDI, Dhaka, June, 26-28; 1994.

BARC (Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council). Fertilizer Recommendation Guide. 2005;22, 48, 174.

MacEwan RJ. Soil Health for Victoria’s Agriculture- Context, Terminology and Concepts. MIS 07898 Final Report. Department of Primary Industries Research Victoria Bendigo, State of Victoria; 2007.

Tate, Robert L. Soil organic matter – biological and ecological effects. John Wiley and Sons, New York; 1987.

Gibson TS, Chan KY, Sharma G, Shearman R. Soil Carbon Sequestration Utilizing Recycled Organics - A review of the scientific literature. Project 00/01R-3.2.6A. The Organic Waste Recycling Unit, NSW Agriculture. Report prepared for Resource NSW; 2002.

Ylivainio K, Uusitalo R, Turtola E. Meat bone meal and fox manure as P sources for ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) grown on a limed soil. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 2007;81:267-278.

Jeng AS, Haraldsen TK, Gronlund A, Pedersen PA. Meat and bone meal as nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer to cereals and rye grass. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 2006;76:183-191.

Cayuela ML, Sinicco T, Mondini C. Mineralization dynamic and biochemical properties during initial decomposition of plant and animal residues in soil. Applied Soil Ecology Journal. 2009;41:118–127.