Enhancing Growth, Yield Components and Chemical Constituents of Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) Plants by Using Different NPK Fertilization Levels and Nano-Micronutrients Rates

Main Article Content

Marwa A. Ahmed
Mohammed A. I. Abdelkader

Abstract

The application of Nano micronutrient fertilizers could improve nutrient use efficiency that reduces the dosage of NPK fertilizers. This study aims to find out the best combination of NPK and Nano micronutrients fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of red hot chilli pepper. A field study was conducted on chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) fertilized by different NPK fertilization levels (0.0, 50, 75 and 100% of recommended levels) and sprayed by different Nano micronutrients rates (0.0, 0.25 and 0.50 g/l) during the two summer consecutive seasons of 2017 and 2018 at Agriculture Research. Farm (Ghazala Farm), Faculty of Agriculture., Zagazig University., Egypt, The recommended dosage was 218. N+ 36 P +142 K kg/ha and Nano-micronutrient fertilizer that was used contained (6% Fe, 6% Zn, % B, 5% Mn, 1% Cu and 0.1% Mo). The experimental design was a split-plot arranged in a three replicates. The main plots were assigned for four NPK fertilization levels and sub plot were devoted for three Nano-micronutrients rates. The results pointed out that the vegetative growth significantly increased by NPK fertilization at 100 or 75% RLs as well as Nano-micronutrients at 0.5 g/l rate and in combination compared to control (0NPK, 0 Nano-micronutrients). Yield components and chemical constituents were increased gradually by increased NPK fertilizers levels during the two seasons. The best combination treatment in this connection was 100% RLs of NPK fertilizers combined with 0.5 g/l of Nano-micronutrients compared to the other ones under study that increased the yield and capsaicin by 75% of NPK and 0.5 g/l of Nano than control, respectively.

Keywords:
Chilli, NPK fertilization, nano-micronutrients, growth, fruit yield, chlorophyll, capsaicin

Article Details

How to Cite
Ahmed, M. A., & Abdelkader, M. A. I. (2020). Enhancing Growth, Yield Components and Chemical Constituents of Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) Plants by Using Different NPK Fertilization Levels and Nano-Micronutrients Rates. Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 6(2), 17-29. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajsspn/2020/v6i230083
Section
Original Research Article

References

Hedge DM. Nutrient requirements of solanaceous vegetable crops. Food & Fertilizer Technology Center. An International Center for Farmers in the As Pacific Region; 1997.

Available:http://www.fftc.agnet.org/library/article/eb441.html

Bose TK, Som MG, Kabir J. Vegetable crops. Naya Prokash Pub Co. Calcutta. 1993;234.

Pawar SS, Bharude NV, Sonone SS, Deshmukh RS, Raut AK, Umarkar AR. Chillies as food, spice and medicine: A perspective. International Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences. 2011;1(3):311-318.

Devlin RM, Francis W. Plant physiology. Translated by M. M. Sharaqi, A. Khader, A. S. Salama and N. Kamel. Arab Publishing Group, Arab Republic of Egypt. 2000;922.

Jain V. Fundamentals of plant physiology. 11th (Ed), S. Chand and Company, Ramangar, New Delhi. 2008;625.

Havlin J, Beaton J, Tisdale S, Nelson W. Soil fertility and fertilizer. Six Edition Prentice Hall. New Jersey; 1999.

Taiz L, Zeiger E. Plant physiology. 3rd Ed. Sinauer Associates. 2002;690.

Kole C, Kole P, Randunu KM, Choudhary P, Podila R, Ke PC, Rao AM, Marcus RK. Nanobiotechnology can boost crop production and quality: First evidence from increased plant biomass, fruit yield and phytomedicine content in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). BMC Biotechnology. 2013;13(37):1472-6750.

Azarpour E, Asghari J, Bozorgi HR, Kamalpour G. Foliar spraying of Ascophyllum nodosum extract, methanol and iron fertilizers on chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. 2013;17(5):1854-1862.

Naderi MR, Danesh-Shahraki A. Nano-fertilizers and their roles in sustainable agriculture. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. 2013;5(19):2229-2232.

Chapman DH, Pratt RF. Methods of analysis for soils, plants and waters. Div. Agric. Sci. Univ. of California USA. 1978;16-38.

Markwell J, Osterman JC, Mitchell JL. Calibration of the Minolta SPAD-502 leaf chlorophyll meter. Photosynthesis Research. 1995;46:467-472.

AOAC. Official methods of analysis. 15th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Inc., Virginia, USA; 1990.

Anan T, Ito H, Mtsunga H, Monma S. A simple method for determining the degree of pungency of peppers. Capsicum and Eggplant Nesletter. 1996;15:51-54.

Gomez NK, Gomez AA. Statical procedures for agricultural research. 2nd Ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York. USA. 1984;680.

Analytical Software. Statistix Version 9, Analytical Software, Tallahassee, Florida, USA; 2008.

Liu C, Sung Y, Chen B, Lai H. Effects of nitrogen fertilizers on the growth and nitrate content of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 2014;11:4427-4440.

Said-Al Ahl HAH, Sarhan AMZ, Abou Dahab AM, Abou-Zeid EN, Ali MS, Naguib NY. Growth and chemical composition of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) affected by nitrogen and bio-fertilizers. International Journal of Life Science and Engineering. 2015;1(2):75-84.

Ahmed ZA. Effect of NPK and bio fertilization on growth and oil yield of celery (Apium graveolens L.) and chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) plants. J. Plant Production, Mansoura Univ. 2017;8(2):247-251.

Marschner H. Functions of mineral nutrients: Micronutrients. In: Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. 2nd Ed., Academic Press, London. 1995;313-404.

Hediat MHS. Effects of silver nanoparticles in some crop plants, chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). International Research Journal of Biotechnology. 2012;3:190- 197.

El-Metwally IM, Doaa MR Abo-Basha, Abd El-Aziz ME. Response of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) to different foliar applications of nano-iron, manganese and zinc under sandy soil conditions. Middle East Journal of Applied Sciences. 2018;8(2):474-482.

Abdelkader MAI, Fatma R. Ibrahim, Metwaly EE. Growth and productivity of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) plants as affected by phosphorus rate and nano-micronutrients concentration. J. Plant Production, Mansoura Univ. 2019;10(7):483–488.

Shree S, Regar CL, Ahmad F, Singh VK, Kumari R, Kumari A. Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on growth, yield and quality attributes of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2018;7(4):2256-2266.

Sabet H, Mortazaeinezhad F. Yield, growth and Fe uptake of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) affected by Fe-Nano, Fe-chelated and Fe-siderophore fertilization in the calcareous soils. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology. 2018;50:154-160.

Akram M, Hussain S, Hamid A, Majeed S, Chaudary SA, Shah ZA, Yaqoob A, Kayani F, Arif U, Fareed K, Jamil F, Mehmood Z, Basher S, Arif AA, Akhter N. Interactive effect of phosphorus and potassium on growth, yield, quality and seed production of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). J. Hort. 2017;4(1):192-196.

Benhmimou A, Ibriz M, Douaik A, Lage M, Al Faiz C, Chaouqi S, Zouahri A. Effect of NPK fertilization on the growth, yield, quality and mineral nutrition of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). American Journal of Biology and Life Sciences. 2018;6(3):36-43.

Amuamuha L, Pirzad A, Hadi H. Effect of varying concentrations and time of Nano-iron foliar application on the yield and essential oil of pot marigold. Intl. Res. J. Appl. Basic. Sci. 2012;3(10):2085-2090.

Marzouk NM, Abd-Alrahman HA, EL-Tanahy AMM, Mahmoud SH. Impact of foliar spraying of nano micronutrient fertilizers on the growth, yield, physical quality and nutritional value of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). in sandy soils. Bulletin of the National Research Centre. 2019;43:84-92.

Hänsch R, Mendel R. Physiological functions of mineral micronutrients (Cu, Zn, Mn, Fe, Ni, Mo, B, Cl). Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 2009;12(3):259–266.

Mostafa HS, Dawoud GTM, Ashraf SM. Studies on the impact of NPK fertilization, compost and ascorbic acid on chemical and biological composition of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). plants. Current Science International. 2019;8(2):378-393.

Kopittke PM, Enzo Lombi, Peng Wang B, Jan K. Schjoerringd, Søren Husted. Nano materials as fertilizers for improving plant mineral nutrition and environmental outcomes. Environ. Sci.: Nano. 2019;6:3513-3524.