Main Article Content
Composting of municipal solid waste (MSW) is a good option for solid waste recycling, but its use by the farmers is limited because of its very low nutrient status.
Aims: The study aimed at nutrient enrichment of marketed MSW compost by using some organic materials and evaluating the influence of nutrient enriched MSW compost on yield and nutrient content of cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.).
Place and Duration of Study: MSW compost amendment, field experiment and nutrient analysis were carried out at Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Mymensingh during October 2017 to June 2018.
Methodology: We prepared three types of amended compost by mixing 20% mustard oil cake (MOC), and 30% poultry manure (PM) or cow dung (CD) or sugarcane press mud (SPM) with 50% MSW compost. A liquid culture of Trichoderma viride was inoculated to every type of compost. The field experiment was conducted to evaluate the performance of the amended MSW composts on yield and nutrient content of cabbage (cv. Atlas-70), and on soil fertility. The experimental soil was silt loam having 6.7 pH and 2.79% organic matter; according to Soil Taxonomy it belongs to Aeric Haplaquept under the order Inceptisols.
Results: Based on the yield and nutrient concentration (N, P, K & S) of cabbage, the treatment containing 50% fertilizers + 50% compost mixture (MSW compost + MOC + SPM in a ratio of 5:2:3) demonstrated the best result followed by poultry manure amended compost. Use of the amended composts had residual effects on soil showing an increased N, P, K & S content.
Conclusion: Organic amendment of MSW compost inoculated with Trichoderma is a noble means to increase the nutrient status of marketed MSW compost and improve the soil fertility and crop productivity. The results have significant value in fertilizer management strategies for vegetables cultivation in sub-tropical countries.
Martínez-Blanco J, Lazcano C, Boldrin A, Muñoz P, Rieradevall J, Möller J, et al. Assessing the environmental benefits of compost use on land through an LCA perspective: a review. Sustainable Agriculture Reviews. 2013;1-12. Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-5961-9_9
Aktar S, Islam MS, Hossain, MS, Akter H, Maula S, Hossain SSF. Effects of municipal solid waste compost and fertilizers on the biomass production and yield of BRRI dhan 50. Progressive Agriculture. 2018;29(2):82-90. Available:https://doi.org/10.3329/pa.v29i2.38291
Jahiruddin M, Rahman MA, Haque MA, Rahman, MM, Islam MR. Integrated nutrient management for sustainable crop production in Bangladesh. Acta Horticulturae. 2012;958:85-90. Available:https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.958.8
Kavitha R, Subramanian P. Effect of enriched soil waste compost application on growth, plant nutrient uptake and yield of rice. Journal of Agronomy. 2007;6(4):586-592. Available:https://doi.org/10.3923/ja.2007.586.592
Anwar Z, Irshad M, Bilal M, Irshad U, Hafeez F, Owens G. Changes in availability of plant nutrients during composting of cow manure with poplar leaf litter. Compost Science & Utilization. 2017;25(4):242-250. Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/1065657X.2017.1300547
Hati KM, Swarup A, Dwivedi A, Misraand A, Bandyopadhyay K. Changes in soil physical properties and organic carbon status at the topsoil horizon of a vertisol of central India after 28 years of continuous cropping, fertilization and manuring. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 2007;119(1):127-134. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2006.06.017
Khan MU, Qasim M, Khan IU. Effect of integrated nutrient management on crop yields in rice-wheat cropping system. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 2007;23(4): 1019-1025.
Liu M, Hu F, Chen X, Huang Q, Jiao J, Zhang B, et al. Organic amendments with reduced chemical fertilizer promote soil microbial development and nutrient availability in a subtropical paddy field: the influence of quantity, type and application time of organic amendments. Applied Soil Ecology. 2009;42:166–175. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2009.03.006
Torkashvand AM. Improvement of compost quality by addition of some amendments. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 2010;4(4):252-257.
Achiba WB, Gabteni N, Lakhdar A, Laing GD, Verloo M, Jedidi N, Gallali T. Effects of 5- Year Application of municipal solid waste compost on the distribution and mobility of heavy metals in a Tunisian calcareous soil. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 2009;130:156–163. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2009.01.001
Oluwa OEA, AdeOluwa OO, Aduramigba-Modupe VO. Nutrient release dynamics of an accelerated compost: A case study in an Alfisol and Ultisol. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science. 2017;6(4):350-356. Available:https://doi.org/10.18393/ejss.318795
FRG-2018: Fertilizer Recommendation Guide-2018, Bangladesh Agricultural research Council (BARC), Farmgate, Dhaka. 2018;223.
FAO/ UNDP. Land Resources Appraisal of Bangladesh for Agricultural Development, Agroecological Regions of Bangladesh, Rome. 1988;2:1-570.
Nelson DW, Sommer LE. Total Carbon, Organic Carbon and Organic Matter. In: Methods of soil Analysis, Part 2, eds., Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR, ASA and ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI, USA. 1982;539-579. Available:https://doi.org/10.2134/agronmonogr9.2.2ed.c29
Bremner JM, Mulvaney CS. Nitrogen-Total. In: Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, eds. Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR, ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI, USA. 1982;595-624. Available:https://doi.org/10.2134/agronmonogr9.2.2ed.c31
Olsen SR, Sommer LE. Phosphorus. In: Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, eds. Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR, ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI, USA. 1982;403-430.
Knudsen D, Peterson GA, Pratt PF. Lithium, sodium and potassium. In: Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, eds. Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR, ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI, USA. 1982; 225-245.
Fox RL, Olson RA, Rhoades HF. Evaluating the sulfur status of soils by plants and soil tests. Soil Science Society of America Proceedings. 1964;28:243-246. Available:https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1964.03615995002800020034x
Lindsay WL, Norvell WA. Development of a DTPA soil test for Zn, Fe, Mn and Cu. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 1978;42:421-428. Available:https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1978.03615995004200030009x
Bingham FT. Boron. In: Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, eds. Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR, ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI, USA. 1982;431-448.
Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR. (eds). Methods of Soil Analysis: Part 2, Chemical and Microbiological Properties. Agronomy Series No 9, American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI; 1982. Available:https://doi.org/10.2134/agronmonogr9.2.2ed
Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, John Wiley and Sons, New York; 1984.
Pengthamkeerati P, Motavalli PP, Kremer RJ. Soil microbial activity and functional diversity changed by compaction, poultry litter and cropping in a claypan soil. Applied Soil Ecology. 2011;48:71–80. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2011.01.005
Vimala PM, Illias K, Salbiah H 2006: Effect of rates of organic fertilizer on growth, yield and nutrient content of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. captitata) growth under shelter. Acta Horticulturae. 2006;710:391-397. Available:https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2006.710.47
Hasan MR, Solaiman HM. Efficacy of organic and inorganic fertilizer on the growth of Brassica oleracea L. (Cabbage). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. 2012;5(7):34-43.
Cardoso AII, Oliveira JB, Lanna NBL, Candian JS, Castro JLM. Sources and splitting of the organic fertilization in top dressing in cabbage production. Horticultura Brasileira. 2020;38:230-234. Available:http://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-053620200217
Ayilara MS, Olanrewaju OS, Babalola OO, Olu Odeyemi O. Waste Management through Composting: Challenges and Potentials. Sustainability. 2020;12:1-23. Available:http://doi:10.3390/su12114456
Giannakis GV, Kourgialas NN, Paranychianakis NV, Nikolaidis NP, Kalogerakis N. Effects of municipal solid waste compost on soil properties and vegetable growth. Compost Science & Utilization. 2014;22(3):116-131. Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/1065657X.2014.899938
Malik SS, Chauhan RC. 2014. Impact of organic farming on soil chemical properties. Journal of International Academic Research for Multidiciplinary. 2014;2(7):349-360.
Rekaby SA, Mahrous YMA, Hegab SA, Eissa MA. Effect of some organic amendments on barley plants under saline condition. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 2020;43:1840-1851. Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2020.1750645
Demir Z, Gulser C. Effects of rice husk compost application on soil quality parameters in greenhouse conditions Eurasian Journal of Soil Science. 2015;4(3):185-190. Available:https://doi.org/10.18393/ejss.2015.3.185-190
Dikshit PR, Khatik SK. Influence of organic manures in combination with chemical fertilizers on production, quality and economic feasibility of soybean in Typic Haplustert of Jabalpur. Legume Research. 2002;25(l):53-56.