Interactive Effect of Nitrogen, Zinc (Zn) and Iron (Fe) on the Growth and yield Characteristics of Gobhi Sarson (Brassica napus L.)

Kopparthi Vijayarami Reddy *

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India.

Rubina Gill

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India.

Immadisetty Mohan

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Brassica napus L., commonly known as Gobhi Sarson in India, is a vital oilseed crop contributing significantly to the agricultural economy. India stands as the fourth-largest producer of oilseeds, with mustard-rapeseed, including Brassica napus, constituting about 28.6% of the total oilseed production [1]. The experiment titled "Study on Foliar Application of Nitrogen, Zinc (Zn), and Iron (Fe) on the Growth and Yield Characteristics of Gobhi Sarson (Brassica napus L.)" was conducted at the research farm of Lovely Professional University, Punjab, during the Rabi season of 2023-24. A total of nine treatments with three replications were evaluated using a Randomized Block Design. The findings indicate that Treatment 9 (75%RDF + 1% Urea + 0.5% FeSO4 + 0.5% ZnSO4) demonstrated the highest plant height, fresh weight, dry weight, leaf area, primary and secondary branches per plant, number of siliquae per plant, seeds per siliquae, 1000-seed weight, seed yield, biological yield, and oil content. Treatment 5 (50%RDF + 1% Urea + 0.5% FeSO4 + 0.5% ZnSO4) also performed well across these parameters, albeit to a slightly lesser extent. (T9) recorded the highest seed yield (19.7 q ha-1), significantly outperforming all other treatments, with Treatment 5 being statistically comparable. Moreover, Treatment 9 exhibited the maximum oil content (41.2%), followed closely by Treatment 5 with oil content of 40.6%. Conversely, the control treatment (T1) yielded the lowest oil content. These results underscore the efficacy of foliar application of 75% RDF with 1% Urea, 0.5% FeSO4, and 0.5% ZnSO4 in enhancing the growth and yield characteristics of Gobhi Sarson, with Treatment 5 showing similar trends.

Keywords: Gobhi sarson, nitrogen, Iron, zinc, growth parameters, yield attributes


How to Cite

Reddy, K. V., Gill, R., & Mohan, I. (2024). Interactive Effect of Nitrogen, Zinc (Zn) and Iron (Fe) on the Growth and yield Characteristics of Gobhi Sarson (Brassica napus L.). Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 10(2), 468–482. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajsspn/2024/v10i2304

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Kapila Shekhawat SS, Rathore OP, Premi BK, Kandpal JS, Chauhan. Advances in Agronomic Management of Indian Mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. Cosson): An Overview, International Journal of Agronomy; 2012,

Article ID 408284, 14 pages, 2012.

Mankotia BS, Sharma HL. Yield attributes and yield of gobhi sarson (Brassica napus ssp oleifera) and toria (B. rapa) under different levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and farmyard manure in mid-hills of north-western Himalayas. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2013;67(3).

Chaudhary JB, Singh CM. Effect of intercropping gobhi sarson (Brassica napus L.) and toria (Brassica napus var napus) on their land equivalent ratio and net return. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 1993; 63:825-26

Jamwal JS. Planting pattern in gobhi sarson (Brassica napus) and winter fodder intercropping under rainfed conditions of Jammu. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 2002; 47:514-517.

Farouk S, Al-Huqail AA. Sodium nitroprusside application regulates antioxidant capacity, improves phytopharmaceutical production and essential oil yield of marjoram herb under drought. Industrial Crops and Products. 2020;158:113034.

Kaur, Kamaldeep Kumar, Santosh Bhagat, Vivek. Performance of Gobhi season (Brassica napus L.) as influenced by different date of sowing and nitrogen levels under irrigated condition of central Punjab. 2022;153-157.

Kumari Thakur, Ratnesh. Effect of Different Levels of Sulphur on Growth and Yield of Gobhi sarson (Brassica napus L.). 2021;345-351. DOI:10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1003.046.

Bhagat, Rakshit Singh, Mahender Sharma, Bhagwati. Growth and productivity of gobhi sarson (Brassica napus) cultivars under diverse sowing environments. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2022;92. DOI:10.56093/ijas.v92i10.122648.

Rameti Jangir LK. Arvadia and Sunil Kumar. Growth and Yield of Mustard (Brassica Juncea L.), Dry Weight of Weeds and Weed Control Efficiency Influence by Different Planting Methods and Weed Management. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 2017;6(7):2586-2593.

Kaur, Mandeep, Santosh Kumar, and Amandeep Kaur. Effect of foliar application of nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur on growth and yield of Gobhi Sarson (Brassica napus L.) in central Punjab. Journal of Oilseed Brassica. 2019;10.1:47-50.

Gangadhar, Kandrekula Vasu, BS. Brar. Effect of phosphorus and growth regulators on Gophi Sarson (Brassica napus). The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022;11.3: 293-307.

Deekshith HN, BS. Mankotia, S. Manuja. Effect of Nutrients Management Management Practices on Growth and Yield Parameters of Gobhi Sarson (Brassica napus spp. napus). Int. J. Plant Soil Sci. 2023;35.19:1458-1466.

Gupta, Vikas, et al. Effects of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.)-Gobhi sarson (Brassica napus L.) cropping system in sub-tropical region under foothills of north-west Himalayas. Bangladesh Journal of Botany. 2015;43.2:147-155.

Singh, Thakar, et al. Nitrogen management in intercropping of gobhi sarson (Brassica napus L.) and fodder oats (Avena sativa L.). Agricultural Research Journal. 2019; 56.2

Dalip, Singh JS. Deol, and Singh Pawitter. "Effect of nitrogen and spacing on growth, yield and quality of transplanted Gobhi sarson (Brassica napus L.). Effect of nitrogen and spacing on growth, yield and quality of transplanted Gobhi sarson (Brassica napus L.). 1998;387-393.

Sarlach, Rashpal. Response of Gobhi Sarson (Brassica napus L.) to Different Planting Methods Abstract; 2023.

Bhagat, Rakshit Singh, Mahender & Sharma, Bhagwati. Growth and productivity of gobhi sarson (Brassica napus) cultivars under diverse sowing environments. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2022;92. DOI:10.56093/ijas.v92i10.122648.

Singh, Randeep, et al. Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus on Growth Parameter and Yield of Canola (Brassica Napus L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2019;8(1):380–84.

Kaur, Kamaldeep, Santosh Kumar, and Vivek Bhagat. "Performance of Gobhi season (Brassica napus L.) as influenced by different date of sowing and nitrogen levels under irrigated condition of central Punjab. Journal of Oilseed Brassica. 2022; 13.2:153-157.

Sidhu JS. Effect of different levels of nitrogen and phosphorous on morphology and seed yield of Gobhi Sarson (Brassica napus L. cv. hyola). Indian Journal of Ecology. 2010;37.1: 94-96.

Mehera MSRB. Effect of organic manures and micronutrients (Zn & B) on growth, yield and economics of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Pharma Innov. J. 2022;11.4:1251-1254.

Pavithra, Guvvala, and Kathi Hema Sri. Performance of transplanted Gobhi Sarson (Brassica napus var. napus) in relation to nitrogen levels and weed control treatments; 2023.