Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Potassium Humate and Micronic Sulfur on the Chemical Properties of Some Soils of Toshka, Egypt

Atef A. A. Sweed, Ahmed A. M. Awad

Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajsspn/2020/v6i230081

Low soil organic matter, low nutrient availability and the higher soil pH (more than 8) are the major problem of agricultural practices in region of Toshka. An incubation trial at October 2019 was conducted to investigate the effect of potassium humate (KH) and micronic sulfur (MS) on some chemical properties of different soils (sandy clay soils, loamy sand and sandy soils). The used amendments (KH and MS) were added to the studied soil at 4 levels of each amendment i.e. 0.0, 0.25, 0.50 and 1.0%. A two way randomized completely block design and provided with three replications. Studied parameters were included soil pH, EC, exchange Na and the content of available - P and K. Results showed that, the MS application at 1% level caused a significant decrease in soil pH values compared with the KH application and control treatment. These reductions were more pronounced in case of soil B (loamy sand). Also, KH application gave an increase on exchange Na and available-K. While MS application was cause an increased in soil EC and available-P in the three soils under study. Moreover, the increases in the percentage of available – K with added of KH were higher than added of MS for soils under study. While the percentages of available-P with added of KH were higher than with added of MS for studied soils. It may be recommended to add KH and MS at a rate of 1% to improve the soil chemical properties. But the effect of application from MS has greater than KH to increase dissolved sodium salts on the form of sodium sulfate, which facilitates disposal during soil drainage.

Open Access Original Research Article

Studies on the Comparative Effects of Cow Dung, Goat Dung and Poultry Manure in the Restoration of Gully Eroded Soil Using Amaranthus hybridus as Test Plant

K. U. Ekwealor, C. A. Anukwuorji, T. P. Egboka, H. N. Eze

Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Page 10-16
DOI: 10.9734/ajsspn/2020/v6i230082

Gully erosion presents a serious challenge to the fertility of the agricultural soil. This experiment was conducted at the permanent site of Nnamdi Azikiwe University behind botany laboratory. The efficacy of cow dung, goat dung and poultry manure on the restoration of gully eroded soil was tested. The experiment was laid in a Randomized Block Design (RBD) with five treatments replicated thrice. Five kilogram of eroded soil was mixed uniformly with 1.5 kg of the different manure treatments. This treatment or amendment include goat dung, poultry mature, cow dung mixed with goat dung and poultry manure weighing 0.5 kg respectively to make up the 1.5 kg required treatment. Also another one was set without treatment to serve as control. Each of these treatments was replicated thrice making a sum total of 15 perforated polythene bags. Stem height, leaf area, number of leaves and stem girth of the test plant (A. hybridus) were checked and measured weekly as the plant germinates and grows. Collection of soil analysis of the samples to determine the amounts of carbon and nitrogen was carried out at the end of the practical. The data collected were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) to test the significance of treatment. It was observed that the highest carbon and nitrogen content were observed from gully eroded soil treated with Cow dung mixed with goat dung and poultry manure (0.205±0.001 and 1.397±0.006) while the least was observed from the control (0.065±0.000 and 0.673±0.001) respectively. There was a significant difference in the effect of the different treatments on all the parameters checked except on the stem girth and number of leaves. The inference of this study suggests that the mixture of cow dung, goat dung and poultry droppings can be used to restore the fertility of gully eroded soil.

Open Access Original Research Article

Enhancing Growth, Yield Components and Chemical Constituents of Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) Plants by Using Different NPK Fertilization Levels and Nano-Micronutrients Rates

Marwa A. Ahmed, Mohammed A. I. Abdelkader

Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Page 17-29
DOI: 10.9734/ajsspn/2020/v6i230083

The application of Nano micronutrient fertilizers could improve nutrient use efficiency that reduces the dosage of NPK fertilizers. This study aims to find out the best combination of NPK and Nano micronutrients fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of red hot chilli pepper. A field study was conducted on chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) fertilized by different NPK fertilization levels (0.0, 50, 75 and 100% of recommended levels) and sprayed by different Nano micronutrients rates (0.0, 0.25 and 0.50 g/l) during the two summer consecutive seasons of 2017 and 2018 at Agriculture Research. Farm (Ghazala Farm), Faculty of Agriculture., Zagazig University., Egypt, The recommended dosage was 218. N+ 36 P +142 K kg/ha and Nano-micronutrient fertilizer that was used contained (6% Fe, 6% Zn, % B, 5% Mn, 1% Cu and 0.1% Mo). The experimental design was a split-plot arranged in a three replicates. The main plots were assigned for four NPK fertilization levels and sub plot were devoted for three Nano-micronutrients rates. The results pointed out that the vegetative growth significantly increased by NPK fertilization at 100 or 75% RLs as well as Nano-micronutrients at 0.5 g/l rate and in combination compared to control (0NPK, 0 Nano-micronutrients). Yield components and chemical constituents were increased gradually by increased NPK fertilizers levels during the two seasons. The best combination treatment in this connection was 100% RLs of NPK fertilizers combined with 0.5 g/l of Nano-micronutrients compared to the other ones under study that increased the yield and capsaicin by 75% of NPK and 0.5 g/l of Nano than control, respectively.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effectiveness of Organics with Nitrogen Levels and Bio-fertilizers on Soil Chemico-biological Properties of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Crop [Cv.PBW-343] in Inseptisol

L. G. Ramanandan, Narendra Swaroop, Arun Alferd David, Tarence Thomas

Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Page 30-50
DOI: 10.9734/ajsspn/2020/v6i230084

Aims: To enhance soil quality, production, productivity and profit maximization with higher economic returns through integrated farming practices. In addition, to fulfill the needs of farmers economical point of view, academic, society and social reforms.

Study Design: Effectiveness of organics with nitrogen levels and bio-fertilizers on soil chemico-biological properties of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) crop [Cv.PBW-343] in Inseptisol.

Place and Duration of Study: The cumulative study period of 2018-19 and 2019-20, at research farm, department of soil science and agricultural chemistry, naini agricultural institute, sam higginbottom university of agriculture, technology and sciences, which is located at 25°58’ North latitude and 81°52' East longitude with an altitude of 98 meter above mean sea level and is situated 5km away on the right, bank of Yamuna river.

Methodology: Randomized block design fallowed here with 12 treatment combinations replicated 3 times. Recommended dose of fertilizers i.e. nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, was applied @ 120:60:40 kg ha-1 as urea (46% N), single super phosphate (16% P2O5), muriate of potash (60% K2O) and zinc sulphate (21% Zn). The Azotobactor spp. and Azospirilium spp. (seed inoculants), applied at 3 kg ha-1 with farm yard manure @ 5 tha-1, at 5 cm depth in furrows, before seed sowing was done on 13th and 14th of November (2018-2019) with spacing of 22.5 X 5 cm. Wheat cultivar used here is  PBW-343 as a test crop.

Results: The cumulative mean of  low soil pH (6.82), electrical conductivity (0.37 dS m-1) and free lime content (13.55%), the higher cation exchange capacity (16.37 cmol (p+) kg-1), higher available nitrogen, available phosphorus, available potassium and available sulphur of 262.12: 21.75:220.51:32.57 kg ha-1, respectively, high available iron and zinc (i.e. 3.90 and 1.79  mg kg-1), low available manganese and copper (3.77 and 0.31 mg kg-1), further the cumulative mean of dehydrogenase enzyme activity (1.49 µg triphenyl-formazan g-1 day-1), alkaline phosphatase activity (186.35 µg para-nitrophenol g-1 hr-1) and microbial biomass carbon (37.59 g kg-1) was labelled in treatment (T9) consisting of 75% N + farm yard manure @ 5 t ha-1 + Azotobacter spp + Azospirillum spp (3 kg ha-1) + zinc in comparison to in-organic application over control.

Conclusion: The combined application of farm yard manure, Azotobacter spp and Azospirilium spp along with in-organics, has led to improvement in soil health potential, nutrient availability and yield sustenance under wheat crop cultivation.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effects of Soil Fertility Status and Its Management on Productivity of Rice in Flood Plains of Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

A. T. Gani, A. Ali, P. I. Agber, S. O. I. Abagyeh

Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Page 51-59
DOI: 10.9734/ajsspn/2020/v6i230086

An experiment was carried out to determine the soil fertility status and productivity of rice on flood plain soils at different locations in Wukari LGA of Taraba State in the southern guinea Savanna zone of Nigeria. The treatments consisted of five locations (Gidan-Idi, Gindin-Dorowa, Tsokundi, Rafin-Kada and Nwuko) that was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and replicated three times. The field was cleared, ploughed and harrowed, and marked into plots of 5 m x 5 m with an alley of 1 m between replications and 0.5 m between plots. Rice seeds (faro 44 (sipi 6920233)) were sown by dibbling at 25 cm×20 cm intra row. Nitrogen fertilizer was applied (at 3 to 4 weeks after planting as urea at the rate of 120 kgN ha-1) by top dressing method.  Phosphorus fertilizer was also applied at 5 to 8 weeks after planting in split doses at the rate of 40 kg P2O5 ha-1 as single super phosphate and Potassium oxide fertilizer was applied 10 to 12 weeks after planting at 40 kg K2O ha-1 by top dressing method. Soil and plant data were collected and analyzed using standard procedures. The results were subjected to analysis of variance and means separated using F-LSD test. Significant (P≤0.05) differences in plant height and grain yield were observed during 2016 and 2017. Rafin-Kada recorded the highest grain yield of 8.36 tons/ha while Nwuko recorded lowest grain yield of 7.43 tons/ha in 2016. Gidan-Idi recorded the highest grain yield of 8.33 tons/ha while Gindin-Dorowa recorded lowest grain yield of 7.41 tons/ha in 2017.